Final Exam Study Guide (Due Thursday, May 18th or Friday, May 19th depending on when I see the scheduled class)
Please complete the study guide on looseleaf paper. This is worth a test grade and is due on Thursday, May 18th or Friday, May 19th depending on when I see the scheduled class.
Most terms simply need to be defined/explained using notes and the textbook. Questions need to be restated and the fill in the blank can simply be written with the blank spot filled in.
- Greece Geography
- How did the Greeks travel?
- Lyric poem
- Classical Age
- Direct Democracy vs. Representative Democracy
- Spartan Army
- Spartan women vs. Athenian women
- Athens society
- Why did the Peloponnesian War begin?
- Delian League
- Peloponnesian League
- Alexander the Great
- Greek achievements
- Italian Geography
- Italian Mountain Ranges
- Roman government
- Law of the Twelve Tables
- Roman Forum
- Checks and Balances
- Roman Trade
- Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
- New Testament
- Civil Law
- Pax Romana
- Northern Europe’s land was _______
- Southern Europe’s land was _______
- Saint Patrick
- Pope Gregory VIII
- Emperor Henry IV
- Results of the Crusades
- Thomas Aquinas
- Black Death
- Spanish Inquisition
- Pope Leo IX
- Holy Land
- Magna Carta
HW assigned 5-3-17 (Due 5-5-17) Students need to answer 1-4 (All Parts) on P. 532. Answers go on P. 82 of IN
HW assigned 5-1-17 (Due 5-3-17) Students need to answer 1-4 (All Parts) on P. 527. Answers go on P.81 of IN
Crusades War Folder Project- Due Monday May 8th (Latest HW is below the project guidelines)
10%- Cover= Map of the battle theater? (Basically a Map of Europe and Middle East) Needs to show Crusader states and the Muslim States
20%- People = Provide a brief description of the people involved in the Crusades, at least 20, and correctly divide them by the side which they fought for. Left=Crusaders, Right=Muslim forces
Ex.) Pope Gregory, Pope Urban, Philip I of France, Duqaq,
30%- Battles= Provide a brief description of 10 battles that took place during the crusades (where, when, who won, impact on the overall war/religion of the region). 10% of this section is earned by providing a map that shows the location of each battle. Beneath the map or on a separate paper correctly separate battles by the victorious side, Left=Crusader Victory, Right=Muslim Victory
Ex) Siege/Battle of Antioch, Battle of Jerusalem, Battle of Ascalon.
40%- Questions answered in complete sentences in paragraph format. 1. Why did the Roman Catholic Church want to launch the Crusades? 2. Which countries in Europe and the Middle East took part in the Crusades and how many wars or Crusades between Muslims and Christians took place in the middle ages? 3. What role did Muslim and European powers play in the start of hostilities? 4. Which new governments/states/countries were set up in the Middle East by European kings/queens? 5. Compare and contrast the technological advantages of Muslim and European powers? 6. What incentives did the Catholic Church give to people who took part in the Crusades? 7. What types of knowledge were exchanged between the Muslim and Christian sides? 8. What was the impact on Europe from contact with Muslim powers during the crusades? 9. What role did the spread of disease play in the crusades and afterwards in Europe when soldiers returned? 10. In your opinion what is the legacy of the Crusades for us in modern times? Basically, how do the wars between Christians and Muslims in the Crusades affect us today?
Extra Credit Project (The Ancient Times Newspaper) By May 15th
Many events happened within the Roman Republic/Empire and later the Byzantine Empire. Thanks to written records it is possible to find out about many events, and in many cases read the writings left behind by Romans. You are tasked with creating newspaper articles related to some event in a given year. You should research the events that happened in any one year between 100 BC and 1450 AD within the Roman Republic/Empire. Write a newspaper article summarizing the events of a single year or go in depth about one event. Articles must be 3 paragraphs long (Introduction, Body, and Conclusion). For every 10 articles turned in I will replace 1 Test grade or award 1 extra credit test grade. (Max 2 Test Grades) Remember to provide background information and include the who, what, where, when and why. Only one article per year may be written. Do not write two articles about events in the same year. If you want to cover multiple events in a year you can summarize them in the same article. This means you must vary your research. Remember the library sources we looked at for doing research. These can be accessed from the Riverdale Middle School Library home page.
Examples of events- The Goths sack Rome. Julius Caesar is murdered by the Senate. Turkish forces of the Ottoman Empire sack/take over Constantinople. Crusaders attack Constantinople. Roman Forces Invade Britain, Hadrian’s Wall is built, Vikings reach Constantinople, etc.
HW assigned 4-27-17 (Due 5-1-17) Students need to answer 1-3 (All Parts) on P. 515. Answers go on P. 76 of IN
HW assigned 4-25-17 (Due 4-27-17) Students need to answer 1-5 (All Parts) on P. 511. Answers go on P. 73 of IN
HW assigned 4-21-17 (Due 4-25-17) Students need to answer 1-4 (All parts) on P.499 and 1-4 (All parts) on P.504. Answers go on P.69 of IN
HW assigned 3-28-17 (Due 3-30-17) Students constructed and color coded a Venn Diagram comparing the 3 major monotheistic faiths, Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. They need to write 4 statements concerning what all 3 religions have in common. They need to write 4 statements concerning what Judaism and Christianity have in common. They need to write 4 statements concerning what Judaism and Islam have in common. They also need to write 4 statements concerning what Christianity and Islam have in common. I provided 1 statement for each category in class. Students can use their book or the internet to complete this task.
HW assigned 3-27-17 (Due 3-28-17) Students need to answer 1-4 on P.357. Answers go on P.66 of IN
Test 3-23-17 Sample Test Below. Test will not have matching or true/false but the material in these sections will be covered.
- Cicero wanted the Romans to give power to
- Augustus. c. the Senate.
- Marc Antony. d. Julius Caesar.
- Which of the following best describes how Caesar responded to the Senate and Pompey after the war in Gaul?
- He led his army into Italy. c. He led his army into Greece.
- He kept his army in Gaul. d. He asked for a meeting with the Senate.
- What can you infer about Caesar from this passage?
- He wrote in great detail to show the power of his army to his enemies.
- He recorded this battle to plan for other battles.
- He wrote his own history so that people would remember his greatness.
- He recorded this battle to record the number of cattle and men.
- Octavian became sole ruler after
- Hadrian died. c. he fought the Celts.
- he fought in North Africa. d. Marc Antony died.
- Roman roads were built primarily in order to allow
- senators to get to the Senate.
- Rome’s armies to travel through the empire.
- merchants to travel safely.
- slaves to travel into the countryside.
- What material did the Romans invent that helped their structures last?
- volcanic rock c. cement
- asphalt d. lime
- The Roman language influenced how people speak and write today because
- many people enjoy watching comic plays.
- modern languages are easy to learn.
- many people travel to Rome for vacation.
- modern languages are based on the Roman language.
- The emperor believed that by banning certain Jewish rituals, people would
- fight harder. c. participate in trading.
- give up Judaism. d. participate in the military.
- Which of the following best describes why many people became Jesus’s followers?
- He traveled and taught them about his ideas.
- They read what he wrote in the Bible.
- The emperor ordered them to follow Jesus.
- The Torah told them to follow a man named Jesus.
- The Roman Empire fell for all of the following reasons except
- disease. c. increased taxes.
- lack of leadership. d. corruption.
- The Romans frequently made payments to the Goths. This system was essentially a way to prevent the
- Romans from trading with the Goths.
- Romans from trading with the Huns.
- Goths from attacking Rome.
- Goths from farming in the Roman Empire.
- What effect did Theodora have on the riots in AD 532?
- She rewrote civil laws.
- She helped the emperor put an end to the uprisings.
- She helped the people in the uprisings achieve their demands.
- She demonstrated in the uprisings herself.
- What is one similarity between Christmas and Easter?
- Both were celebrated in ancient Rome.
- Neither is celebrated on the same date every year.
- Both are celebrated in the spring.
- Neither is based on an exact date in history.
Fill in the Blank
- Between 58 and 50 BC Julius Caesar conquered nearly all of ____________________. (Gaul/Italy)
- In 27 BC the Senate gave ____________________ the title Augustus, which means “revered one.” (Marc Antony/Octavian)
- The Romans created lasting structures by using ____________________. (arches/aqueducts)
- Unlike the Romans, the ____________________ worshipped one god. (Persians/Jews)
- The ____________________ tells about the life and teachings of Jesus. (Old Testament/New Testament)
- In AD 410 the ____________________ marched into Rome and sacked the city. (Huns/Goths)
- Romans called the capital of the eastern empire ____________________. (Constantinople/Byzantium)
- Most people in the Byzantine Empire spoke ____________________. (Latin/Greek)
- When Rome became an empire, it consisted of a small area of present-day Italy.
- People who were conquered by the Romans were generally allowed to worship whatever gods they pleased.
- Caesar’s military success helped him to become successful in politics.
- When Rome conquered Judea, it immediately banned the practice of Judaism.
- According to the Bible, Jesus was born in the town of Nazareth at the end of the first century BC.
- Early Christians believed that the Resurrection meant that Jesus was the Messiah.
- Diocletian divided the Roman Empire into three parts.
- The creation of the Eastern Orthodox Church led to greater unity between eastern and western Europe.
HW assigned 3-20-17 (Due 3-21-17) Students need to answer 9-11 on P. 346. Answers go on P. 58 of IN
Test on Rome 3-23-17
Sample Test Questions:
- Compare and Contrast the government of the Roman Republic with the U.S. government
- In what ways was Roman culture based on Greek culture?
- What technologies did the Romans develop that allowed them to expand their territory and population?
- Compare and Contrast the Roman Republic with the Roman Empire.
- Who is Julius Caesar and how did he contribute to the fall of the Roman Republic?
- During the Punic Wars who did Rome fight and how did gaining their territory affect Rome?
- In what ways did Christianity affect the Roman Empire and how did the Roman Empire affect Christianity?
HW assigned 3-16-17 (Due 3-20-17) Students need to answer 1-7 on P. 347. They must write out questions and answers. Answers go on P. 57 of IN
Students need to study the following words. Quiz Monday 3-20-17
Diocletian- Roman Emperor responsible for splitting the empire into Eastern and Western halves. He believed the empire was too large to govern and needed 2 emperors to rule.
- Goths- Germanic barbarian tribes that fled attacks by Attila and settled in the Roman empire to act as mercenaries at first, but later came to threaten the safety of the empire (includes Visigoths and Ostrogoths)
- Attila- Leader of the Huns a group of pastoral nomads, horse riders, who terrorize eastern Europe and push barbarian tribes into the Roman Empire. Almost takes Rome.
- Corruption- The decay of people’s values. More theft, crimes, etc.
- Persecution- punishing a group because of their beliefs, usually because they were a threat to the dominant religion/group
- Justinian- Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, decades after the fall of Rome and the western empire he will realize his dream of reuniting the Roman empire into one state in 530’s BC. He will reform laws and create a new Roman legal system that endures for centuries .
- Theodora- The wife of Justinian. She plays a crucial role in getting Justinian to stay in Constantinople despite a dangerous riot, and then later for him to reunite the empire
- Transubstantiation- (Communion) The belief that bread and wine turn into the body and blood of Jesus when taken by Christians.
- Byzantine Empire- The name used for the Eastern Roman Empire after Justinian dies and the west falls apart again. Capital is in Constantinople
- Dark Ages- period of time after the fall of the Roman Empire when people lose the knowledge, technology and skills of Rome
HW assigned 3-14-17 (Due 3-16-17) Students need to complete 6-8 (All Parts) on P.345 and 346. Answers go on P. 53 of IN
HW assigned 3-13-17 (Due 3-14-17) Students need to answer 1-4 (All Parts) on P. 343. Answers go on P. 51 of IN
The following is a list of vocabulary words the students need to study. Quiz 3-13-17
- Augustus (Octavian)- The adopted son of Julius Caesar. He will win the Roman Civil War and become the 1st emperor of Rome.
- Battle of Actium- The final, decisive battle in the Roman Civil War, Octavian’s naval forces beat Marc Antony leaving Cleopatra and him trapped in Egypt resulting in their suicide.
- Crucifixion- A type of execution in which a person is nailed to a cross
- Resurrection- The act of coming back to life after death, like Jesus
- Apostles- the 12 disciples or students of Jesus who helped spread Christianity after his death
- Pax Romana- Long period of peace that lasts from the establishment of the empire until 180 AD.
- Aqueduct- Raised channel used to carry water from the mountains to cities.
- Romance Languages- The languages that are descendant or come from Latin. (Italian, French, Portuguese and Romanian
- Civil Law- Legal system based on written laws
- Messiah- God’s anointed one, many people believed that Jesus was the Messiah
- Constantine- Roman emperor who converts to Christianity, ending persecution of Christians
HW assigned 3-9-17 (Due 3-13-17) Students need to complete 1-5 (all parts) on P. 338. Answers go on P. 49 of IN
HW assigned 3-7-17 (Due 3-9-17) Students need to answer 1-5 (All parts from the Ch. 11 Section 1 Review. P. 328
HW assigned 3-6-17 as well as before the Mardi Gras break (Due 3-7-17_ Students need to complete 1-21 (All Parts) on P. 315 and 316 of their textbook. Answers can go on P. 44 and P.45 of IN.
No HW. work on Projects- 1 Brochure for each city state, Athens, Sparta, and Rome Due 2-23-17
Vocabulary Week 7 (P.39 IN) Quiz 2-21-17 over all vocabulary associated with Rome.
- Checks and balances- System of balancing power. Laws proposed by the senate (Legislative Branch) had to be approved by Magistrates (Judicial Branch) and ratified by assembly of Plebeians.
- Legions- Groups of 6,000 soldiers, each legion was divided into centuries or groups of 100.
- Gaius Marius- Consul of Rome who reformed the army by letting Plebeians join the ranks. He found power in military leadership tried to take over resulting in a Civil War.
- Lucus Cornelius Sulla- Consul in 88 B.C he was the leader of the city and represented Democratic forces in the 1st Roman Civil War
- Roman Empire- 29 B.C – 476 A.D. Period of time in which Rome was ruled by an emperor, the Senate still existed but after Augustus Caesar took power it had little authority
- Punic Wars- A series of wars between Rome and Carthage (North Africa).
- Hannibal- The military leader of Carthage, he led an army with Elephants across Europe and over the Alpine Mountains to attack Rome.
- Romulus and Remus- Mythical Twins who founded the city of Rome
- Spartacus- famous gladiator who led a slave revolt against the Roman Republic, successful at first he is later killed in battle, The revolt fails.
- The Roman Republic- Period of time in which Rome was ruled by a combination of Patrician Senators, the Plebian Assembly, and the Consuls that each elected. 509 B.C -29 B.C ended by Augustus Caesar and Civil War between factions.
- Etruscans- Ancient people of Italy before the Romans existed. They will be the first kingdom to fall to Rome
HW assigned 2-16-17 (Due 2-21-17) Students need to answer 1-5 (All Parts) on P. 313. Answers go on P. 40 of IN
HW assigned 2-14-17 (Due 2-16-17) Students need to answer 1-5 (All Parts) on P. 307. Answers go on P. 38 of IN.
HW assigned 2-13-17 (Due 2-14-17) Students need to answer 1-4 (All Parts) on P. 299. Answers go on P. 33 of IN
Week 6 Vocabulary (p.32 of IN) Projects due 2-23-17 see below for details
- Aeneas- Legendary father of the Roman people. He escaped from Troy with his followers after the Greeks destroyed the city in the Trojan War
- Republic- Like U.S. government, a form of indirect democracy where people elect leaders, who then control the Gov.
- Plebeians- The common or poor people of Rome
- Consuls- The two most powerful elected positions in Rome. One led the army, the other led the city. Having two divided power.
- Veto- To prohibit or cancel.
- Latin- The language of Rome
- Dictator- Like a Tyrant. Romans would elect a single person to have absolute authority for 6 months during times of crisis, for quick decisions.
- Patricians- The nobles or rich people of Rome.
- Virgil- Roman Poet who wrote the Aeneid about the journey of the legendary father of Rome.
- Magistrates- Elected government officials who performed government duties, like judges
- Roman Senate- Council of wealthy and powerful Romans who advised leaders and made laws for Rome
- Forum- Like Agora, Rome’s public meeting place for voting/discussion
Project Due 2-23-17 (Not accepted after Mardi Gras break, Turn in early if you will be absent)
Travel to Athens, Sparta or Rome (Due Date:2-23-17)
You are travel agents booking tours to Ancient Mediterranean Cities. You need to make travel Brochures about Athens, Sparta and Rome to promote for your clients. You are to create tri-fold travel brochures for each city-state. The following is expected of your travel brochure.
- Title and brief summary of the city-state on the cover (a 3-4 sentence summary) Add a small picture at the bottom if you have space.
- Location map (indicates where the City-State is located) 1st division of open brochure
- Include facts about the geography of each city-state. 2nd Division of open brochure
- Include facts about the life of men and woman in each city state. 3rd division
- Pictures/Graphics…the brochure should be colorful and include drawings!!! The back cover should especially have good images
- Fun Facts- Include fun facts you have learned about the city-state.
- Neatness, Neatness, Neatness!!!!!!!
You will also be graded on effort and participation in your groups. So make sure you are on task and are participating
A rubric is on the back of this handout to help guide you.
Students: ___________________ __________________________ Block:___ Date:____________________
Travel Brochure Athens or Sparta
|Criteria||Level 4||Level 3||Level 2||Level 1||Score|
|Organization||The brochure is very well organized||The brochure is well organized||The brochure has some organization||The brochure’s organization is confusing to the reader|
|Graphics/Pictures||The graphics/pictures go well with the text, there is a good mix||The graphics/pictures go well with the text, but there are so many they distract from the text||The graphics/pictures go well with the text, but there are too few||The graphics do no go with the text or they appear to be randomly chosen|
(facts, title, summary,etc.)
|The brochure contains appropriate written information about Athens/Sparta/Rome and demonstrates an understanding of the concepts studied||The brochure mostly contains appropriate information about Athens/Sparta/Rome and demonstrates a working knowledge of the concepts studied||The brochure contains some appropriate information about Athens/Sparta/Rome and demonstrates somewhat an understanding of the concepts studied||The brochure rarely contains appropriate information about Athens/Sparta/Rome and demonstrates an inconsistent understanding of concepts studied|
|Effort and Participation||The students consistently worked and remained on task||The students generally worked and remained on task||The students somewhat worked and stayed on task||The students were often off task and showed little effort in working|
|Map||Included a very clear location map of Athens/Sparta/Rome||Included a location map of Athens/Sparta/Rome||Included a somewhat clear location map of Athens/Sparta/Rome||Location map is missing from brochure|
Test 2-9-17 Students need to study Greece material and textbook chapters.
Prepare to answer these questions in Paragraph format
1- Describe the geography of Greece and the ways in which Greece’s geography shaped the development of city-states and affected the economy and trade networks.
2- Compare and contrast Athens and Sparta, make sure to detail what life was like for men and women in both city-states.
3- Discuss the ways in which Alexander the Great spread Greek culture after conquering the Persian Empire, provide examples.
HW assigned 2-6-17 (Due 2-7-17) Students need to answer 13-15 on P.286
HW assigned 2-2-17 (Due 2-6-17) Students need to answer 9-12 (All Parts) on P. 285 and 286. Answers go on P. 27 of IN
Quiz Monday 2-6-17 Students need to study the following vocabulary (P. 26 of IN)
- Hera- Queen of the gods and goddess of marriage and families
- Hermes- The messenger god, and god of merchants, travelers and thieves
- Artemis- Goddess of the moon, the hunt and young women
- Apollo- God of the sun, medicine and fortune telling sometimes music and archery are included
- Poseidon- God of the sea and earthquakes. He is the 2nd of Zeus’ brothers and wishes he were in control.
- Hades- King of the underworld and god of death and darkness. He is responsible for keeping dead souls, both good and bad, in the afterlife.
- Hephaestus- The blacksmith of the gods and god of fire and volcanoes. He is able to make almost anything in his forge
- Aphrodite- The most beautiful of the gods and goddess of love.
- Aries- The god of war. Aries is responsible for many of the conflicts between men or gods
- Athena- The goddess of wisdom. She is also a skilled warrior because she uses better tactics instead of brute strength alone
- Demeter- Goddess of agriculture She and her daughter Persephone are responsible for the seasons and farming cycles.
HW assigned 1-31-17 (Due 2-2-17) Students need to answer 1-8 on P. 285. Students must write out the sentences with their selected word placed in the blank. Answers go on P. 25 of IN
HW assigned 1-30-17 (Due 1-31-17) Students need to answer 1-4 (All Parts) on P. 282. Answers go on P. 24 of IN
HW assigned 1-26-17 (1-30-17) Students need to answer 1-4 (All parts) on P. 276. Answers go on P.23 of IN
Quiz Monday 1-30-17 Students need to study the following words and be prepared to answer questions using a primary source document and/or write a paragraph comparing and contrasting Athens with Sparta.
- Parthenon- Temple to Athena in the Greek city-state of Athens. It was one of the most impressive buildings in ancient Greece.
- Euclid- Famous Greek mathematician best known for his work in Geometry
- Reason- Clear and ordered thinking favored by Greek philosophers
- Socrates- Greek philosopher who taught that you could learn by asking questions known as Socratic Method
- Plato- The student of Socrates, Plato founded many schools of learning throughout Greece. He stressed justice and fairness.
- Aristotle- One of Plato’s best students he stressed a life of moderation or balance. He would become Alexander the Great’s tutor.
- Hippocrates- Greek doctor who tried to figure out what caused disease, he is better known for establishing a code of ethics for doctors.
- Peloponnesian War(s)- Wars between Athens and Sparta after the defeat of the Persians when each city-state tried to establish control over Greece.
- Macedonia- A northern province of Greece, that some Greeks considered foreign. It is the home of Alexander and would eventually dominate Greece
- Phillip II- King of Macedonia, he conquered the other Greek City-States by improving Greek fighting tactics.
- Alexander the Great- Son of Phillip II, Alexander established the 1st Greek empire when his Macedonian armies conquered the old Persian Empire
- Hellenistic- Literally Greek like. Anything influenced by Greek culture. Areas Alexander conquered adopted Greek culture
HW assigned 1-24-17 (Due 1-26-17) Students need to answer 1-3 (All Parts) on P. 271. Answers go on P. 20 of IN
HW= 1-23-17 Study for Test. Test over chapter 8 and section 1 of Chapter 9 Tuesday 1-24-17
A Practice test is posted. Students may be able to use work completed on the Practice test during the actual test.
Chapter 8 Test
- Which of the following best summarizes the geography of Greece? A. a land of flat, fertile plains B. a rocky, mountainous land C. a land of small hills and dense forests D. a cold, barren land
- In geographical terms, the land of Greece is a large- A. island. B. isthmus. C. peninsula. D. continent.
- Because traveling by land in Greece was difficult, the Greek- A. became expert shipbuilders. B. gave up trying to travel. C. learned how to climb mountains. D. took up farming.
- Which of the following groups built an advanced society on the island of Crete- A. the Minoans B. the Mycenaeans C. the Aegeans D. the Mediterraneans
- In what way were the Mycenaeans different from the Minoans? A. The Mycenaeans lived on Greek islands B. The Mycenaeans did not speak Greek C. The Mycenaeans lived on the Greek mainland D. The Mycenaeans were not traders.
- The period of warfare and disorder in Greece is referred to as the- A. Classical Age. B. Dark Age. C. Golden Era. D. Era of Despair.
- Which of the following best defines a polis- A. a marketplace where goods were traded B. a high hill on which a fortress was often built C. a period of great achievement D. a small city-state
- A government in which only a few people have power is called- A. a monarchy. B. democracy. C. an oligarchy. D. a tyrant.
- During the early democracy in Greece, why did people have meetings outdoors- A. to allow visitors to watch the meeting B. to make it easier to vote C. to make it easier to hear speakers D. to make sure everyone could attend
- Which of the following does not describe the first democracy in Athens? A. Aristocrats had more power than citizens B. All citizens had the right to participate in the assembly C. Every citizen had the right to speak D. Citizens could serve on smaller councils.
- What does democracy mean? A. “rule of the few” B. “rule of the people” C. “rule of the leaders” D. “rule of the powerful”
- Greek myths were stories that explained A. what things the Greek people most valued. B. why natural or historical events happened C. why humans should worship the gods D. why humans or animals behaved like they did.
- Which of the following best defines a lyric poem? A. a poem set to music B. a poem that teaches life’s lessons C. a poem about Greek heroes D. a poem that explains natural events
- Which Greek hero has been the subject of dozens of films? A. Hercules B. Poseidon C. Zeus D. Dionysus
- The Minoans and the ____________________ helped shape later Greek cultures. (Creteans/Mycenaeans)
- Democracy in Greece started in the city of ____________________. (Athens/Delphi)
- The ancient Greeks believed that their ____________________ caused events like thunder and earthquakes. (gods/actions)
- Under the rule of ____________________, all citizens in Athens had the right to participate in the assembly. (Draco/Cleisthenes)
- The ____________________ tells the story of the last years of the Trojan War. (Iliad/Odyssey)
- The form of government in which all citizens can participate directly in the government is called ____________________ democracy. (direct/representative)
True/False- If false make the statement true
- The Minoans are considered the first Greek society.
- Because they lived on an island, the Mycenaeans spent much of their time at sea.
- An agora is another name for a fortress.
- The first democracy in Athens ended because the Macedonians conquered Athens.
- The citizens in the early democracy of Athens voted by writing on paper.
- Sappho developed the world’s first democracy.
- Hera is the king of the gods.
- Aesop wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey \
Matching- Write the correct letter next to the statements below.
A. tyrant h. classical
B. polis i. Aesop
C. mythology j. acropolis
D. aristocrats k. citizens
E. fables l. Homer
F. democracy m. oligarchy
- A Greek famous for his fables
- A leader who used force to hold power
- An age marked by great achievements
- Rich landowners
- Short stories that teach the reader lessons about life or give advice on how to live
- Brilliant elected leader who led the Athens government from about 460 BC until 429 BC
- A body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world work
- People who had the right to participate in government
- A high hill that often had a fortress on its top
- A famous poet who wrote some of the earliest Greek writings
HW assigned 1-19-17 (Due 1-23-17) Students need to answer 1-4 (All Parts) on p. 265. Answers go on P. 18 of IN
Quiz Monday 1-23-17 Students need to study the following vocabulary words.
- Persia- Once a small unorganized group of nomads. The group under Cyrus the Great conquered local people, took over Mesopotamia and became a dominant empire in the eastern Mediterranean by 500 BC. It would eventually attack Greece
- Cambyses- The son of Cyrus the Great, his death left Persia without a clear leader and caused political conflict between its leaders
- Darius I- He became the Persian king by killing all of his rivals for power, including his brothers. He is famous for organizing the empire into provinces and invading Greece 1st time with only an army over land
- Satrap- The Persian word for a province. It was the local administrative unit. It had local government control, collected taxes for the empire. Loyalty is ensured by sending elite kids to live with the King
- Xerxes I- After the 1st failed invasion of Greece, this King promises revenge and launches the 2nd invasion of Greece. This time the invasion is supported by the Persian Navy.
- Phalanx- Formation of soldiers grouped tightly together with raised shields overlapping & spears sticking out. Basic Greek fighting style.
- Hoplite-Basic infantry of Greece
- Alliance- Agreement to work together
- Battle of Marathon- Decisive victory outside of Athens during the 1st Persian invasion. Outnumbered the Greeks won because of superior tactics, weapons, and leaders.
- Battle of Thermopylae- Though the Greeks lost, 1,400 Spartans were able to hold a much larger Persian army in a narrow pass for 3 days buying time.
- Battle of Salamis- Athenian naval victory over Persia. They lured larger ships into shallow water to win.
HW assigned 1-17-17 For those who did not have the previous HW they must complete 11-19 on P. 254. Those answers for 11-14 (All parts) go on P. 11 of IN. Those students without previous HW also need to complete 11-19 on P.254. Answers for 15-19 should be written on a separate piece of paper because the assignment will be collected for a quiz grade.
HW assigned 1-12-17 (Due 1-17-17) Students need to answer 11-14 (All Parts) on P. 254. Answers go on P. 11 of IN.
Quiz Tuesday 1-17-17 Students need to study the following vocabulary words (Words on P. 10 of IN)
- Mythology- stories about gods and heroes which explain how the world works
- Fables- Short stories, often involving animals that teach lessons about life
- Homer- Legendary blind poet who created the Illiad and Oddyssey. In the 700’s BC (these were written down much later)
- Aesop- Legendary Author of many fables like “Tortoise and Hare” or “Boy who cried Wolf” It may have been a way to collect all fables under 1 name in 400 BC
- Cleisthenes- Around 500 BC he got rid of the ruling aristocracy once and for all by creating democracy. (Direct Democracy)
- Agora- Literally the marketplace, it was a large open area of land that was used to gather the people to make voting decisions.
- Sappho- Famous female poet who wrote about love and family
- Illiad- Epic poem about the Trojan war between Myceneans and Troy, fought over Helen of Troy
- Odyssey- Epic poem about Odysseus years long journey home from the Trojan War.
- Cyrus the Great – Leader of Persia who conquered several surrounding kingdoms and created the Persian Empire, he let conquered people to keep culture
- Zoroastrianism- Religion of Persia, it believed in the two forces of good and evil in constant war.
Sample Question: A. How is Greek mythology still used in modern society? (Give Examples) B. Explain why representative/indirect democracy is practiced in America instead of direct democracy? C. What is life like for women in Athens? D. What was life like for men in Athens? E. What was life like for women in Sparta? F. What was life like for men in Sparta?
HW assigned 1-10-17 (Due 1-12-17) Students need to answer 1-10 (All parts on P. 253. Answers go on P. 9 of IN
HW assigned 1-9-17 (Due 1-10-17) Students need to complete 1-4 (All Parts) on P. 249. Answers go on P.5 of IN
HW asiigned 1-5-17 (Due 1-9-17) Students need to answer 1-4 (All Parts) on P. 241. Answers go on P.2 of IN
Quiz Monday 1-9-17 Students need to study the following words
- Minoans- Advanced, non-Greek civilization located on the island of Crete. They traded olive oil, wood, and pottery across Greece and provided an example of advanced culture before a Volcanic eruption destroyed their society in 1600’s BC.
- Classical Age- Era of great achievements and advances in tech.
- Polis- Greek word for city-state
- Acropolis- Literally a high hill, it was the center of Greek government in the city-states
- Mycenaeans- Greek civilization that controlled mainland Greece while Minoans existed and then took over Crete and became the dominant traders in the eastern Mediterranean.
- Democracy- Type of government in which people rule themselves, through direct votes or elections
- Citizens- People who have the right to participate in government.
- Oligarchy- Type of government in which only a few people have power.
- Tyrant (tyranny)- A leader who holds power or rules through the use of force. Control by one person.
- Direct Democracy- Democracy in which decisions are made by all citizens through a direct vote
- Indirect Democracy- Democracy in which citizens elect leaders to represent them. Those leaders then make decisions by voting among themselves.
Sample Question: A. How did the geography of Greece shape life for early Greek civilization? B. What caused the early Minoan civilization to fall? C. Who is the founder of Athenian Democracy? D. What type of Democracy did the city-state of Athens have? E. Why did the early Greeks establish distant colonies?
HW assigned 1-4-17 (Due 1-5-17) Students need to answer 1-3 (All parts) on P. 233. Answers go on P.0 of IN
Interactive Notebook (IN) is has started over.
Happy New Year!
HW 12-12-16 Until Exam Day- Students need to complete Study Guide. Study Guide due the day of the exam for a test grade. See below if the paper copy is lost.
HW Assigned 12-8-16 (Due 12-12-16) Students need to answer 1-4 (all parts) on P. 189. Answers go on P. 80 of IN
Students need to finish making the following vocabulary words at home if not finished in class. Quiz Monday 12-12-16
- Mandate of Heaven- Belief that the emperor ruled because he was blessed by the gods. Created by the Zhou when they overthrow the Shang emperor, later people will use natural disasters and famine (starvation) as an excuse to get rid of an emperor no longer blessed.
- Han Dynasty- 205 BC-205 AD, successor Dynasty to the Qin. Changes Chinese philosophy from Legalism to Confucianism
- Sundial- Uses position of the sun and shadows to tell time
- Acupuncture- Practice of inserting needles in the skin, in specific spots, to relieve pain and cure disease.
- Silk Road- 4,000 mile network of trade routes from China to Europe
- Warring States Period- 475-221 BC, period of conflict between kingdoms/states within China (lots of fighting)
- Qin Dynasty- 221-205 BC. Short lived dynasty that unified China by beating all other kingdoms during the warring states period. Collapses after Shi Huangdi dies
- Shi Huangdi- 1st Emperor- Was the Qin King Ying Zheng, proclaimed himself emperor after the Qin beat all rivals.
- Seismograph- Device that measures the strength of an earthquake.
- The Shiji- Written by Sima Quan the grand historian of Han, it describes 2,000 years of history
Midterm Study Guide
Please complete the study guide on loose leaf paper. This is worth a test grade and is due on the day of the semester exam. Exam is Monday 12/19.
1. Latitude & Longitude (Define) 2. Continents (list 7 and define)
3. Climate Zones (List 3 and define) 4. Climate, Weather, Meteorology (Define)
5. Time Zones (24 in world name 6 in US) 6. Physical Geography (define give examples)
7. Compass Rose, Directions (Cardinal and Intermediate)
1. Culture (Define give example) 2. History (Define)
3. Archaeology (Define) 4. Fossil, Artifact (Define give example)
5. Primary Source, Secondary Source 6. Human Geography (Define give example) 7. Landforms (Define give example) 8. Essential early resources (give examples)
1. Hominid (Define) 2. Australopithecus (Define)
3. Homo Habilis (Define) 4. Homo Erectus (Define)
5. Homo Sapiens (Define) 6. Paleolithic Era (Define give timeline)
7. Mesolithic Era (Define give timeline) 8. Neolithic Era (Define give timeline)
9. Hunter-gatherer (Define) 10. Society (Define give example)
11. Ice age (Define give timeline) 12. Land Bridge (Define)
13. Surplus (Deine) 14. Domestication (Define)
1. Tigris and Euphrates Rivers (Show on Map) 2. Mesopotamia (Define)
3. Silt (Define) 4. Irrigation, Canals (Define)
5. Division of Labor (Define give example) 6. Sumer (Show on Map)
7. Cuneiform (Define) 8. Scribes (Define)
9. Hammurabi’s Code (Define) 10. Hittites and Kassites (Describe)
11. Phoenicians (Describe) 12. Assyrians (Describe)
1. Pyramid (Define) 2. Gift of the Nile (Explain why this phrase is used)
3. Nile River (Locate on Map) 4. Delta (Define)
5. Cataracts (Define) 6. Natural Barriers (Define and give the barriers of Egypt)
7. Pharaoh (Define) 8. Dynasty (Define give example)
9. Menes (Describe) 10. Mummies (Define)
11. Engineering (Define) 12. Trade Routes (Define and give examples)
13. Farmers (Define) 14. Scribes (Define and place in social hierarchy)
15. Hieroglyphics (Define) 16. Papyrus (Define)
1. Himalayan Mountains (Locate on Map) 2. Subcontinent (Define)
3. Monsoons (Define) 4. Sanskrit (Define)
5. Caste System (Define draw social hierarchy) 6. Divisions of Society (give example)
7. Hinduism(Define) 8. Brahman(Define)
9. Karma (Define) 10. Siddhartha (Describe)
11. Buddha (Describe) 12. Four Noble Truths of Buddhism (Define and describe)
1. Great Wall (Define) 2. Chinese Rivers (Name and locate on map)
3. Xia, Shang, and Zhou Dynasties (Describe and put on timeline) 4. Ethics (Define)
5. Confucius (Describe) 6. Laozi (Describe) 7. Confucianism (Define) 8. Daoism(Define)
9. Legalism (Define)) 10. Warring States Period (Describe) 11. Qin and Han Dynasty (Describe and put on timeline) 12. Shi Huangdi (Describe)
13. Liu Bang (Describe) 14 Oracle Bones (Define and describe role in writing) 15. (Describe Chinese technological advances (Sundial, Silk, Seismograph, Acupuncture, Art, Literature, and Science
The following are sample questions
A textbook is an example of a ____________________ source.
Societies with many natural ____________________ could build cities and armies and develop trade.
Historians call the shift from food gathering to food producing the ____________________ Revolution.
- Explain the transition from hunter-gatherers to complex society caused by agriculture/Neolithic Revolution.
Hunter-Gatherers were people who lived nomadic lifestyles, moving from one place to another in search of food. They began to cultivate, or plant seeds of certain crops. Once they started practicing farming/agriculture, you have to stay in one place and no longer move around. Staying in one place meant people had time to build permanent homes. With homes you can have more stuff and you can also begin to focus time and energy on things other than survival (art, religion, technology- pottery ). Once cities emerge, you can have division of labor (thanks to food surplus). Kings, priests, craftsmen, farmers and slaves. People are not all focused on farming to meet their food needs.
- Compare and contrast the major religions that came out of India. (Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, Brahmanism)
Jainism and Buddhism both came out of India. Both religions are actually a set of teachings produced by a historical figure, Siddhartha Gautama for Buddhism and Mahavira for Jainism. They both believe that it is wrong to lie or injure life. Jainism differs from Buddhism in that Jains can not own property. Also, Jainism stayed in India. Buddhism spread to many other countries. Buddhism split into two different schools (Mahayana and Theravada) Jainism is still a single school or way of teaching.
- What is cultural Diffusion, using a river valley civilization give examples of how cultural diffusion shaped society.
The exchange of ideas, technology, and culture between two different groups. In Mesopotamia, iron technology passed from the Hittites to Kassites and then on to the Assyrians. In Asia, Buddhism spread from India to China on the Silk Road. Generally, ideas were exchanged along trade routes.
- What technological advances made in the ancient world still affect society today? In what ways do they affect our modern world.
- Describe the role that trade routes play in cultural diffusion (how is information, technology and religion exchanged?)
Project Due 12-15-16 (Students were given project papers last week) In case any student lost their paper guidelines are as follows
River Valley Civilization Project (Pick one-Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, or China)
Materials: A large poster board, colored pencils, markers or crayons.
- A map of the River from its source to the mouth. Must be colored in and show local geographic features (Mountains, deserts, swamps etc…) 20%
- A Depiction of ancient people from the river valley, must show their religion (depiction of temple/church and associated gods) their crops (what food did they eat) and technology (tools, weapons, materials, sciences) 20%
- 3 (large)-5(small) Paragraph description of the rivers flow/flood cycle (is it a slow or fast moving river? Does it flood regularly or irregularly? How do people protect themselves from floods? How do they benefit from floodwaters?) 20%
- 3-5 Paragraph description of the culture (language, religion, building and clothing styles etc..) 20%
- 3-5 Paragraph Description of Crops/Goods. (What foods do people eat? What goods are transported on the River? Have the crops changed over time? Do these crops depend on irrigation?) 20%
- (Optional) 5% Extra Credit- Fun Facts- Any additional information you learned while researching your river valley civilization.
HW assigned 12-6-16 (Due 12-8-16) Students need to answer 1-4 (all parts) on P. 183. Answers go on P. 77 of IN
HW assigned 12-5-16 (Due 12-6-16) Students need to complete 1-3 (all parts) on P. 176. Answers go on P. 75 of IN
HW assigned 12-1-16 (Due 12-5-16) Students need to answer 1-4 (all parts) on P. 171. Answers go on P. 74 of IN
Quiz Monday 12-5-16 students need to finish making flashcards for the following words if not completed in class. Sample Questions:
A. What are the two major rivers of China
B. What was the mythical 1st Dynasty of China (There is no historical evidence that this 1st empire existed.)
C. What made Chinese River Valley’s good for farming?
D. How did Oracle bones lead to the development of writing.
E. What was the second historical Dynasty of China?
F. What is the warring states period?
- Oracle- A prediction or a person who makes a prediction.
- Lords- People of high rank, Aristocrats/nobles
- Peasants- Farmers with small areas of land
- Ethics- Moral values
- Confucius- Chinese scholar who came up with ideas and teachings for how people should live.
- Shang Dynasty- 1st historical empire (evidence exists) in China (1500 BC).
- Confucianism- The ideas of Confucius, emphasized respect for authority first in the family then in the state
- Analects- A book that contains all of Confucius’ ideas about morality, society, government
- Daoism- “The Way”Stressed living in harmony with the guiding force of reality
- Laozi- Most famous Daoist scholar
- Legalism- The belief that people are bad by nature and need to be controlled.
HW assigned 11-29-16 (Due 12/1/16) Students need to answer 1-3 on P.165. Answers go on P. 70 of IN
HW assigned 11/28/16- Study for test next class period
Sample Test Questions follow. Not all questions will appear in the actual test but many will. This covers most material but there may be additional Questions or questions which are worded differently on the actual test.
- What were some things that Queen Hatshepsut accomplished?
- Why did Egyptians build temples?
- What was the relationship like between Egypt and Kush?
- In what ways did the geography of India influence the development of civilizations?
- What did Hinduism teach about karma and the caste system?
- What did the Buddha teach about material goods?
- How did Asoka work to spread Buddhism?
- What were some of the major accomplishments of the Gupta period?
____ 39. Meroitic, the Kushite written language, was
|a.||borrowed from the Greeks.||c.||adapted from the Egyptians.|
|b.||developed by the Kushites.||d.||borrowed from the Assyrians.|
____ 40. Many buildings in Meroë resembled Egyptian buildings. What can you infer from this?
|a.||The Egyptians constructed better buildings than the Kushites.|
|b.||The Kushites did not know how to construct good buildings.|
|c.||Kushite culture was influenced by Egyptian culture.|
|d.||Egyptian culture was inferior to Kushite culture.|
____ 41. All of the following are ways that women were expected to participate in Kushite society except
|a.||women were able to hold positions of authority.|
|b.||women cooked and tended to their children.|
|c.||women fought in Kushite wars.|
|d.||women worked long hours in the fields.|
____ 42. What was significant about Queen Shanakhdakheto?
|a.||She ruled Kush all on her own.|
|b.||She was the first woman to rule Kush.|
|c.||She led the Kushite army to many important victories.|
|d.||She was the only woman to rule Kush.|
____ 43. Over time, why were Kushite farmers unable to produce enough food for the people of Kush?
|a.||The farmers were required to fight in wars.|
|b.||The forests were used up to produce goods.|
|c.||The soil blew away because of overgrazing.|
|d.||The rivers dried up because of a drought.|
____ 44. Why did trade with Kush decrease over time?
|a.||Kushite merchants were losing money.|
|b.||New trade partners disliked Kush.|
|c.||Kushite farmers could not grow any food.|
|d.||New trade routes went around Kush.|
PRACTICING SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS
Study the map below and answer the question that follows.
Which area was probably the largest source of gold for the Egyptians?
|a.||Mycenae||c.||the Western desert|
|b.||the Nubian desert||d.||the Euphrates River|
About how far did early Buddhist missionaries have to travel to reach Ceylon?
|a.||about 250 miles||c.||about 750 miles|
|b.||about 500 miles||d.||about 1000 miles|
____ 47. Which word best describes a large landmass that is smaller than a continent?
____ 48. The mountains of northern India are called the
|Both Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were well-planned cities.|
What inference can you make about the people of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro from this statement?
|a.||They wanted the cities to be identical.|
|b.||They had difficulty completing tasks.|
|c.||They were intelligent and talented.|
|d.||They knew how to deal with the monsoon.|
____ 50. Over time, the Indus River Valley became ideal for farming. Which of the following events took place first?
|a.||Himalayan snows melted.||c.||Heavy snows fell in the Himalayas.|
|b.||Flood waters left behind silt.||d.||The Indus River flooded.|
____ 51. India’s monsoons are seasonal. What does this reveal about the monsoons?
|a.||The monsoons occur on a daily basis.|
|b.||The monsoons only occasionally take place.|
|c.||The monsoons occur in a regular pattern.|
|d.||The monsoons almost never take place.|
____ 52. Compare the Aryan system of government to the Harappan system. In what way did they differ?
|a.||The Aryan system was based on a strong central government.|
|b.||The Aryan system did not allow leaders or kings.|
|c.||The Aryan system was led by scholars who could write.|
|d.||The Aryan system was based mostly on family connections.|
____ 53. Make a prediction: Which of the following would most likely have happened if Indian farmers had not learned how to irrigate their fields?
|a.||Towns would not have had indoor plumbing.|
|b.||Villages would not have grown along the rivers.|
|c.||Aryans would not have invaded India.|
|d.||Rajas would not have claimed Indian lands.|
____ 54. In which language did Aryans write their poems and hymns?
|Aryans believed that the most important thing in life was warfare.|
If this statement is true, which of the following facts best supports it?
|a.||Some Aryan writings describe the Aryan invasion of India.|
|b.||Aryans fought each other nearly as often as they fought outsiders.|
|c.||Sometimes rajas joined forces to fight a common enemy.|
|d.||The Aryans were mainly nomadic sheep and cattle herders.|
____ 56. Which of the following best explains why the Aryans abandoned their nomadic lifestyle?
|a.||The Aryans began to write, so they no longer traveled.|
|b.||The Aryans came under the control of powerful rajas.|
|c.||The Aryans felt that staying in one place was safer.|
|d.||The Aryans began to farm, so they stayed in one place.|
____ 57. The highest class in Aryan society was
____ 58. In Aryan society, which of the following was of highest importance in regard to the caste system?
|a.||moving to a higher level of the caste system|
|b.||interacting with people of different castes|
|c.||adhering to the strict rules of the caste system|
|d.||helping people from lower castes to rise up|
____ 59. Compare the Sudras to the Kshatriyas. Which of the following best describes how they were different?
|a.||The Sudras were rulers while the Kshatriyas were servants.|
|b.||The Sudras were servants while the Kshatriyas were warriors.|
|c.||The Sudras were priests while the Kshatriyas were traders.|
|d.||The Sudras were farmers while the Kshatriyas were workers.|
____ 60. Which of the following best describes the relationship between the Vedic texts and the Vedas?
|a.||Vedic texts were a collection of thoughts about the Vedas.|
|b.||Vedic texts contained the same sacred hymns as the Vedas.|
|c.||The Vedas were based on the teachings in the Vedic texts.|
|d.||The Vedas described how Aryans should use the Vedic texts.|
____ 61. Which of the following led to the development of Hinduism?
|a.||Vedic scholars gained new insights from the Upanishads.|
|b.||The Hindu people from Persia took control of Aryan society.|
|c.||Aryan religious leaders recognized that Brahmanism was flawed.|
|d.||People from Central Asia brought their religious ideas to India.|
____ 62. Hindus believe that all of their gods are part of a universal spirit called
|Hindus believe that a person’s ultimate goal should be to reunite the soul with the universal spirit.|
Which of the following daily actions might a Hindu take to move toward this goal?
|a.||learn how to have compassion for lower castes|
|b.||practice seeing through the illusion of the world|
|c.||enter into the process of rebirth and reincarnation|
|d.||recognize that the atman contains one’s personality|
____ 64. According to Hinduism, people are reborn into new physical forms. The form one is born into depends on one’s
____ 65. Hinduism taught that women were inferior to men. What inference can you make about Hinduism from this fact?
|a.||Hinduism was probably a religion created by men.|
|b.||Hinduism was the same as the Aryan caste system.|
|c.||The creators of Hinduism were probably women.|
|d.||The sacred texts of Hinduism were authored by women.|
____ 66. Which of the following would Jains consider the most worthy goal in life?
|a.||to provide help and support to all creatures|
|b.||to merge one’s soul with the universal spirit|
|c.||to never injure or kill another living thing|
|d.||to always worship Brahma, Vishnu, and Siva|
____ 67. Why did Siddhartha Gautama leave home at age 30?
|a.||to find answers to his questions about human life|
|b.||to establish a religion that was better than Hinduism|
|c.||to help those who felt pain and suffering in life|
|d.||to spread his new religious ideas to other people|
____ 68. Which of the following events happened last?
|a.||Siddhartha Gautama wandered through forests for years.|
|b.||Siddhartha Gautama became disenchanted with life.|
|c.||Siddhartha Gautama gained insight into human suffering.|
|d.||Siddhartha Gautama meditated underneath a tree.|
____ 69. Which of the following concerns was of greatest importance to Siddhartha Gautama?
|a.||meditating under a tree to gain more wisdom|
|b.||encouraging followers to give away their money|
|c.||helping people worship God on a daily basis|
|d.||finding ways to eliminate human suffering|
____ 70. With which of the following statements would the Buddha likely disagree?
|a.||Suffering comes from not having what one wants.|
|b.||Contentment springs from gaining what one wants.|
|c.||Nirvana is achieved by overcoming ignorance and desire.|
|d.||Unhappiness is caused by wanting to keep what one likes.|
|The Buddha believed that people should overcome their desire for material goods. However, they should be reasonable.|
Which of the following actions best illustrates this belief?
|a.||A woman gives away all of her money to poor people.|
|b.||A man in a store buys every item that he sees or wants.|
|c.||A woman keeps some of her dresses but gives some away.|
|d.||A man throws away all of the possessions in his home.|
____ 72. The guiding principles at the heart of Buddhism are called
|a.||the Four Noble Truths.||c.||the Rules for Living.|
|b.||the Truths of Life.||d.||the Enlightened Path.|
____ 73. What caused many people from lower social classes to support the Buddha’s teachings?
|a.||The Buddha opposed the caste system.|
|b.||The Buddha agreed with the Brahmin rituals.|
|c.||The Buddha supported animal sacrifice.|
|d.||The Buddha worked with Hindu priests.|
____ 74. Make a prediction: What would have likely happened if the Buddha’s followers had not gathered shortly after his death to review his teachings?
|a.||The Buddha’s followers would have embraced another religion.|
|b.||Buddhism would probably not have spread to other lands.|
|c.||The caste system in India probably would have ended.|
|d.||Brahmin priests probably would have changed the teachings.|
____ 75. People who work to spread religious beliefs are called
____ 76. Which of the following best describes the difference between Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism?
|a.||Followers of Theravada Buddhism follow the Buddha’s teachings exactly.|
|b.||Followers of Theravada Buddhism have rejected the Buddha’s teachings.|
|c.||Followers of Mahayana Buddhism follow the Buddha’s teachings exactly.|
|d.||Followers of Mahayana Buddhism have rejected the Buddha’s teachings.|
____ 77. Which military leader founded the Maurya Empire?
|a.||Candra Maurya I||c.||Candragupta Maurya|
|b.||Candra Maurya II||d.||Asoka Maurya|
____ 78. Which of the following was one effect of Asoka Maurya becoming a Buddhist?
|a.||He expanded the size of his empire.||c.||He conquered many Indian kingdoms.|
|b.||He swore to not fight any more wars.||d.||He fought against his brother for power.|
____ 79. In which way were Asoka Maurya and Siddhartha Gautama similar?
|a.||Both men were against violence.||c.||Both men were leaders of empires.|
|b.||Both men were raised in poverty.||d.||Both men supported the caste system.|
____ 80. Which of the following events took place last?
|a.||India divided into smaller states.||c.||The last Mauryan king was killed.|
|b.||Asoka died in 233 BC.||d.||Mauryans fought for Asoka’s throne.|
|For 500 years, Buddhism continued to spread in India while Hinduism declined.|
What can you infer about Indian people during this time period?
|a.||Many of them began to dislike religions.|
|b.||Many of them began to favor Buddhism.|
|c.||Many of them worked to spread Hinduism.|
|d.||Many of them believed in both religions.|
____ 82. Who was the first Gupta emperor?
|a.||Candra Gupta I||c.||Candragupta Maurya|
|b.||Candra Gupta II||d.||Asoka Maurya|
____ 83. What happened after the Guptas took control of India?
|a.||Hinduism became more popular.||c.||Indians could not practice Buddhism.|
|b.||Hinduism became less popular.||d.||Indians could not practice Jainism.|
____ 84. Which of the following supports the idea that the Guptas supported religious beliefs other than their own?
|a.||The Guptas built many Hindu temples.|
|b.||The Guptas built many Buddhist temples.|
|c.||The Guptas created fine works of art.|
|d.||The Guptas continued the Hindu caste system.|
____ 85. Evaluate this statement:
|Gupta kings believed the strict social order of the Hindu caste system would strengthen their rule.|
Which of the following responses to this statement is most logical?
|a.||The Guptas’ highest priority was preserving their power.|
|b.||The Guptas’ highest priority was restoring personal freedoms.|
|c.||The Guptas’ highest priority was spreading the Hindu religion.|
|d.||The Guptas’ highest priority was changing the roles of women.|
|The fierce attacks of the Huns drained the Gupta Empire of its power and wealth.|
Which of the following best describes how Gupta priorities changed during this time period?
|a.||The Guptas had to end their tolerance of faiths other than Hinduism.|
|b.||The Guptas had to focus on defending themselves rather than creating art.|
|c.||The Guptas had to change the caste system to allow women to fight in battles.|
|d.||The Guptas had to establish new forms of art to offer the invading Huns.|
____ 87. Which of the following best describes how Hindu temples changed over time?
|a.||The temples became more basic and simplistic.|
|b.||The temples were no longer made of stone.|
|c.||The temples no longer included paintings inside.|
|d.||The temples became more complex and ornate.|
____ 88. The most famous Buddhist cave temple is located at
|Many of the finest paintings of ancient India are found in temples.|
What can you infer about the people of ancient India from this statement?
|a.||They spent most of their time in temples.||c.||They valued art more than anything else.|
|b.||Creating art was part of their religions.||d.||Religion was very important to them.|
____ 90. Which Indian piece of literature contains the passages called the Bhagavad Gita?
|a.||the Mahabharata||c.||the Ramayana|
|b.||the Siddheswara||d.||the Panchatantra|
HW assigned 11/14/16- Students need to answer 10A, 10B, 10C and 11A, 11B, and 11C on page 153. Answers go on P. 67 of IN
Due to absence there was no HW assigned this week until today. HW assigned 11/10/16 (Due 11/14/16) Students need to answer 1-9 on P.153. Answers go on P.64 of IN
Students need to finish making vocabulary flashcards for the following words if not finished in class. Quiz Monday 11/14/16
Sample Questions: 1. Why was Asoka considered the greatest of the Mauryan Empire leaders? 2. What religion did most of the rulers from the Gupta empire believe in? 3. An invasion by which group in the 400’s ended the Gupta Empire? 4. How did Sanskrit literature develop during the Gupta empire period? 5. Besides inoculation and metallurgy, what scientific advancements were made in the Gupta Empire?
- Candragupta Maurya- Founder of the Mauryan Empire, controlled most of Northern India. Became a Jainist 301 BC and gave up his throne
- Asoka- Candragupta’s grandson. Extended the Mauryan empire to large parts of southern India, converted to Buddhism after bloody battles and promoted peace and built infrastructure for the poor.
- Gupta Empire- Not related to the Mauryan empire, the Gupta empire emerged after 500 years of collapse and fighting between local rulers after the Mauryan empire fell. Had same basic land
- Candra Gupta- Not related to Candragupata, He founded the Gupta empire by reconquering N. India
- Ramayana- Epic poem/Narrative literature that tells the story of Rama and Sita, giving Hindu’s examples of the perfect man and woman
- Vishnu- The preserver aspect of the all encompassing god Brahman
- Shiva- The destroyer aspect of Brahman
- Alloys- Mixture of two or more metals. India was an early center of metallurgy and working with metal
- Inoculation- Injecting a person with a small dose of a virus to get their body fighting it off naturally
- Hindu-Arabic numerals- The number system , and the way that numerals look, that the entire world uses today was invented in India, especially the concept of 0.
HW assigned 11/3/16 (Due 11/7/16) Students need to answer 1-5 (all parts) on P. 151. Answers go on P. 61 of IN
Students need to finish making vocabulary flashcards for the following words if not completed in class. Quiz 1st class period of next week (Schedule adjusted for election day holiday)
Sample Questions: 1. Compare and Contrast 2 or more religions from India (Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Brahmanism). 2. What led Siddhartha Gautama to become the Buddha? 3. What are the two major school or branches of Buddhism? 4. Into what lands/countries did Buddhism spread? 5. Who is Asoka and what happened to cause him to become Buddhist and what happened after Asoka became Buddhist?
- Nirvana- A state of perfect peace
- 4 Noble truths- The 4 guiding principles of Buddhism. 1. Suffering and unhappiness are part of life. 2. Suffering comes from a desire for material goods. 3. People can overcome desire for material things and achieve peace of mind. 4. The way to overcome desire is the 8 fold path.
- Missionaries- People who work to spread religion.
- Jainism-Religion based on the teachings of Mahavira. 4 Major principles, injure no life, tell the truth, do not steal, and own no property.
- Moksha- Attaining freedom from the cycle of death and rebirth, reincarnation. This happens when good karma over several lifetimes earns you salvation
- Fasting- Going Without food
- Meditation- Focusing the mind on spiritual ideas
- Siddhartha Gautama- The Buddha, or enlightened one, he founded the religion of Buddhism
- Buddhism- Religion based on the teachings of Buddha, focuses on the 4 noble truths and the 8 fold path.
- 8 fold path- Series of steps Buddhists take to achieve nirvana, or peace of mind.
HW assigned 10-31-16 (Due 11/3/16) Students need to complete 1-3 (all parts) on P. 145. ANswers go on P. 59 of IN
HW assigned 10/27/16 (Due 10/31/16 all classes) Students need to answer 1-4 (all parts) on P. 141. Answers go on P. 55 of IN Vocabulary Quiz Monday 10/31/16
Sample questions- 1. When are the Wet and Dry seasons in India? 2.How did Brahmanism develop into Hinduism? 3. How does Hinduism reinforce a person’s willingness to accept their Cast/position in society? 4. Draw the caste social hierarchy of India (It is fine to draw and label the pyramid from class) 5. What major religions were born or created in India? 6. Compare and contrast Buddhism and Hinduism? 7. What geographic features protected India from Invasion?
Students need to finish making flashcards for the following words if not already completed in class.
- The Vedas- Religious texts that describe how religious rituals should proceed and how people should interact with others
- Rigveda- The oldest of the Vedic texts, written before 1000 BC
- Upanishads- The final group of Vedic texts written around 600 BC
- Karma- The effects that good or bad actions have on the soul.
- Varna- The Indian word for segments of the caste system, you could go up or down a varna based on your actions (karma)
- Dharma- Performing your caste duties without complaint.
- Monsoon- Seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons
- Sanskrit- Ancient language used by Ayrans brought to India, at first only spoken later written.
- Caste System- Divided Indian society into groups based on a persons occupation, wealth, social group.
- Hinduism- The largest religion in India, believes in multiple gods and the idea of reincarnation
- Reincarnation- The process of rebirth, the belief that when you die you will be reborn as a new person and move on caste ladder.
HW assigned 10/25/16 (Due 10/27/16) Students need to answer 1-5 (all parts) on P. 135. Answers go on P. 53 of IN.
HW assigned 10/24/16 (Due 10/25/16) Students need to answer 1-4 (all parts) on P. 129. Answers go on P. 49 of IN
HW 10/20 (Due 10/24/16) Students need to answer 8-12 (all parts) on P. 116. Answers go on P.48 of IN Quiz Monday 10/24/16) HW=25% of quiz grade. Students need to finish making the following Vocabulary cards if not finished in class.
- Draw a timeline of Egyptian Kingdoms from the Old Kingdom to the New Kingdom Give at least 6 dates
- Compare and Contrast Egypt and Kush
- Describe the role (privileges) of women in Egyptian and later Nubian/Kushite society
- How did the establishment of trade routes/trade networks affect Egyptian society
- What Geographical features in Egypt protected it from invasion (mostly)?
- King Tutankhamen- King Tut, his tomb and the treasures within was one of the 1st found. Taught Europeans about Egyptian culture
- Rosetta Stone- stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics and Greek letters, allows 1st translations
- Kush- Nubian (black) kingdom to the south of Egypt. Once controlled by Egypt it eventually attacked North to take power and Kushite rulers became Pharaoh
- Aksum- Kingdom in modern day Ethipopia which took control of Red Sea trade routes away from Kush
- Exports- Items/goods sent to other regions/countries
- Imports- Items/Goods brought in from other regions/countries
- Trade Network- A system of people in different lands/regions who trade goods.
- Queen Shanakdakheto- 1st woman to rule the kingdom of Kush (Nubian)
- Piankhi- Kushite King that succeeded in taking over all of Egypt by his death in 716 BC
- King Enzana- King of Aksum who destroyed the Kushite capital of Meroe, ending Kush influence.
HW 10/18/16 (Due 10/20/16) Students need to answer 5-7 on P. 115 and 116 (all parts 7B and 7C on P. 116). Answers go on P. 45 of IN
HW 10/17/16 (Due 10/18/16) Students need to answer 1-4 (all parts) on P. 113.
Notes from 10/18/16
Egyptian Writing/Writers P. 43 of IN
) _Hieroglyphics – Egyptian writing system
21) Papyrus-_Paper like material, made from reeds which grow by the Nile River. Egyptians wrote on Papyrus scrolls for everyday use. Egyptians wrote on stone for ceremonial use.
22) Scribes-_Professional writers. People could move up from a lower class to become scribes but this is less common in Egypt. Scribes are needed for business records, religious ceremonies and other important aspects of Egyptian society. Writing things down made them more permanent.
23) _Rosetta Stone_- this artifact was used to decipher Hieroglyphics. Has Hieroglyphics to Greek and Greek to Latin Translation (Found by French soldiers under Napoleon during their invasion of Egypt)
24) Label the following images:
The Sphinx. It protected Royal tombs. Also protected Pharaoh in the afterlife. Most famously in front of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Sphinx= Lion with Human Head
Obelisk- Ceremonial Tower like structure (one block of stone carved to this shape) used by the Pharaohs to celebrate military victories or other important achievements
Egyptian Jobs P. 44 of IN
|Scribes||Artisans, Artists, and Architects||Merchants and Traders||Soldiers||Farmers and Other Peasants||Slaves|
|Professional Writers. Had a place of importance||Responsible for building monumental structures (temples, Pyramids, ) Artists and Artisans, made the jewelry and artwork used by the upper classes. Artisans also make everyday items sold to lower classes||Merchants- Sell goods locally. They buy from Artisans, Craftspeople, and artists to sell to all levels of Egyptian society
Traders- People who take goods long distances and buy and sell between cities
|Professional members of the military. They train when they are not at war. They do not farm or perform other tasks. Ready and willing to fight for the Pharaoh against enemies of Egypt or rebellious citizens within Egypt||They work the land to produce crops. By providing enough food they allow other people to specialize in making objects, training for war or religious ceremonies etc. Peasants also perform simple tasks for locals.||Anyone could become a slave by going into debt or being captured in battle. Slaves performed hard labor, hauling stone, digging canals, also used by pharaohs for pyramids. Slaves have a chance to earn way out.|
Test 10/13/16 Test covers Ch.2 reteach material, all of chapter 3 and most of chapter 4
Crops grew well in Mesopotamia because
|a.||the land was in mountainous areas.|
|b.||farmland was fertile and water was nearby.|
|c.||the area was near the ocean water supply.|
|d.||the area received adequate rainfall.|
____ 2. Which two land features gave Mesopotamia its name?
|a.||the Fertile Crescent and the Mediterranean Sea|
|b.||the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea|
|c.||the northern plateau and the southern plateau|
|d.||the Tigris River and the Euphrates River|
____ 3. Which sequence of events shows how Mesopotamia developed?
|a.||People formed divisions of labor. The population grew. Agriculture was the basis of the society.|
|b.||People built cities. People grew crops. People built canals.|
|c.||People made laws. People moved to villages and cities. People lived where crops could grow.|
|d.||People settled where crops could grow. The population grew. Villages and cities formed.|
____ 4. You are a farmer in ancient Mesopotamia and you grow 500 bushels a year. Your family uses 300 bushels a year. What do you have?
|a.||a surplus of 200 bushels||c.||a surplus of 500 bushels|
|b.||a surplus of 300 bushels||d.||a surplus of 800 bushels|
____ 5. People came to work as craftsmen in Mesopotamia because of
|a.||cattle and sheep herding.||c.||rules set up by the government.|
|b.||division of labor.||d.||flooding.|
____ 6. What is the difference between canals and rivers?
|a.||Canals are used as trade routes. Rivers are used for irrigation.|
|b.||Canals mark borders of a civilization. Rivers divide regions of a civilization.|
|c.||People settle along rivers. People do not settle near canals.|
|d.||Canals are made by people. Rivers are natural.|
____ 7. Which is the best explanation for why Mesopotamians built canals?
|a.||They needed a way to control the river’s flow.|
|b.||They needed a way to control flooding.|
|c.||They needed a way to control low water levels.|
|d.||They needed a way to control the surplus.|
____ 8. When did the first cities develop in Mesopotamia?
|a.||about 12,000 years ago||c.||around 6000 bc|
|b.||around 8000 bc||d.||between 3000 BC and 4000 bc|
____ 9. Which statement best represents the development of a civilization?
|a.||People rely on hunting and gathering because it is the only way to survive.|
|b.||The development of cities led to inventions like irrigation.|
|c.||People prefer government jobs to life as a farmer.|
|d.||If they have a steady food supply, people can develop a complex society.|
____ 10. Which is an inference about why city-states fought each other for farmland?
|a.||Each city-state owned crops that had been destroyed by natural causes.|
|b.||Each city-state had only one skill, which was farming.|
|c.||Each city-state wanted to build walls around its farms.|
|d.||Each city-state wanted to have enough farmland to grow food.|
|He was among the first leaders to have a permanent army.|
This text refers to
____ 12. What did Sargon’s empire have in common with other Mesopotamian city-states?
|a.||It extended over a greater territory than anyone had ever conquered before.|
|b.||It fought with surrounding city-states.|
|c.||It covered an area from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf.|
|d.||It had a professional army.|
____ 13. What purpose did the wall around a city serve?
|a.||to protect inhabitants of the city-state from attack|
|b.||to collect water that could be used to irrigate farmland|
|c.||to protect inhabitants of the city-state from floods|
|d.||to keep people from moving to another city-state|
____ 14. One characteristic that Sumerians believed their gods possessed was a need to
|a.||help mankind.||c.||worship the moon and the sun.|
|b.||conquer other gods.||d.||be worshipped and pleased.|
____ 15. Who served a role between the Sumerians and the gods?
____ 16. Some surplus food
|a.||was traded for other kinds of food.||c.||was given away to the poor.|
|b.||was traded for other kinds of goods.||d.||was offered to the gods.|
____ 17. Scribes had power in Sumerian society. What can you conclude from this?
|a.||People who could read and write were important.|
|b.||All scribes came from the upper classes.|
|c.||Scribes could rise through the social classes.|
|d.||Scribes invented pictographs and cuneiform.|
____ 18. Which of the following best describes cuneiform?
|a.||a form of writing using picture symbols|
|b.||a form of writing using wedge-shaped symbols|
|c.||a form of writing using complex ideas such as “joy|
|d.||a form of writing using proverbs and songs|
|After you have finished your assignment and reported to your monitor [teacher], come to me, and do not wander about in the street.|
From this text, what can you infer?
|a.||Sumerians valued education for their children.|
|b.||Sumerians wanted their children to become scribes.|
|c.||Sumerians needed more students to complete their assignments.|
|d.||Sumerians needed help from their children to read and write.|
____ 20. Which of the following best describes Sumerian advances in medicine?
|a.||Sumerians recorded their observations when practicing medicine.|
|b.||Sumerians used natural resources to make healing drugs.|
|c.||Sumerians became effective at treating different symptoms and parts of the body.|
|d.||Sumerians became skilled at using milk, figs, and salt in treating people.|
____ 21. The Sumerian plow is most like the modern-day
____ 22. What was most likely the reason that ziggurats were tall?
|a.||to honor the gods||c.||so architects could display their work|
|b.||so they could easily be found||d.||to mark the center of the city|
____ 23. One purpose of cylinder seals was
|a.||to mark property.|
|b.||to decorate temples.|
|c.||to encourage ordinary people to be involved with art.|
|d.||to make gold jewelry.|
|Sumerians enjoyed music. Kings and temples hired musicians to play on special occasions. Music and dance provided entertainment in marketplaces and homes.|
What can you infer from this text?
|a.||Playing instruments was common in Sumerian society.|
|b.||Music performances were common in Sumerian society.|
|c.||Only royalty enjoyed music.|
|d.||Sumerian civilization included leisure activities such as enjoying music.|
____ 25. In 1792 bc, Hammurabi became Babylon’s most powerful monarch. About how long ago was that?
|a.||about 12,000 years ago||c.||about 1,800 years ago|
|b.||about 3,800 years ago||d.||about 200 years ago|
____ 26. The first group to rule after Hammurabi was
|a.||the Hittites.||c.||the Assyrians.|
|b.||the Kassites.||d.||the Chaldeans.|
____ 27. The resource for which Phoenicia was well known was
|a.||iron ore.||c.||fertile soil.|
|b.||cedar wood.||d.||gold and silver.|
____ 28. Which people grew more powerful due to trade rather than from winning battles?
|a.||the Chaldeans||c.||the Phoenicians|
|b.||the Hittites||d.||the Kassites|
____ 29. The Assyrian capital was named
____ 30. Which natural obstacle led Phoenicians to use the sea for trade?
|b.||flooding rivers||d.||mountains to the east and north|
____ 31. What technology did the Hittites and Assyrians use in battle?
|a.||fire and chariots||c.||iron weapons and chariots|
|b.||bows and arrows||d.||battleships and iron weapons|
____ 32. What kind of political unit was Carthage?
|a.||a colony||c.||a city-state|
|b.||an empire||d.||a monarchy|
____ 33. Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar both
|a.||built beautiful palaces.||c.||captured Phoenicia.|
|b.||used chariots in battle.||d.||built up Babylon.|
____ 34. What was the relationship between trade and the spread of the Phoenician alphabet?
|a.||Phoenicians traded knowledge of their alphabet for goods and services they needed.|
|b.||Trade increased in places where the Phoenician alphabet was not used.|
|c.||The Phoenician alphabet spread along their trade routes.|
|d.||Phoenicians would only trade with people who could write in Phoenician.|
PRACTICING SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS
Study the map below and answer the question that follows.
What factor may have limited the growth of Sargon’s empire?
|a.||The Akkadian army stopped the empire from expanding to the south.|
|b.||The Euphrates River often flooded, making farming difficult.|
|c.||The Syrian Desert did not have enough good farmland.|
|d.||Ninevah did not have enough water to support its population.|
Which area was probably the largest source of gold for the Egyptians?
|a.||Mycenae||c.||the Western desert|
|b.||the Nubian desert||d.||the Euphrates River|
____ 37. The Nile River flows through two important regions in Egypt called
|a.||Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt.||c.||Eastern Egypt and Western Egypt.|
|b.||Mesopotamia.||d.||Nubia and Cairo.|
____ 38. The Nile River Valley was well suited for settlement. Which of the following statements supports this fact?
|a.||The geography supported various desert plants and birds.|
|b.||The geography included many areas for hunters to hunt widely.|
|c.||The geography included areas for farming.|
|d.||The geography helped to unify the country.|
____ 39. Which of the following best describes how Egyptian civilization developed?
|a.||Villages replaced towns.||c.||Cities broke off into scattered farms.|
|b.||Farms grew into villages and then cities.||d.||Farms replaced cities and then pyramids.|
____ 40. Besides providing a stable food diet, what other advantage did Egypt’s location provide for early Egyptians?
|a.||It had temples in which to worship.|
|b.||It had Sumerian artwork to use as decoration.|
|c.||It had natural barriers to protect against invaders.|
|d.||It had two dynasties to celebrate religious traditions.|
____ 41. Pyramids are
|a.||warehouses where surplus food is stored.|
|b.||temples where the people are allowed to come and pray.|
|c.||stone tombs with four rectangle-shaped sides that join a limestone roof.|
|d.||royal tombs with four triangle-shaped sides that meet in a point on top.|
____ 42. Which of the following best defines dynasty?
|a.||a collection of queens||c.||series of rulers from different families|
|b.||a collection of kingdoms||d.||series of rulers from the same family|
HW assigned (last week) kids have until 10/13/16 to turn in. Students must complete 1-3 (all parts) on P.106. Answers go on P.41 of IN.
HW assigned 10/4/16 (Due 10/6/16) Students need to answer 1-3 (all parts) on P. 100. Answers go on P.37 of IN
HW assigned 10/3/16 (due 10/4/16) Students need to answer 1-4 (all parts) on P. 95. Answers go on P. 34 of IN
Students need to finish making flashcards for the following words if not completed in class. Quiz Monday 10/3/16
- Homo Sapiens- Means “wise man” Same species as modern humans. Appeared in Africa 200,000 years ago then migrated around the world
- Prehistory- The time before writing, to study historians must rely on artifacts.
- Tool- Handheld object that has been modified to help accomplish a task.
- Dynasty- A series of rulers from the same family
- Old Kingdom- Period of Egyptian history 2700-2200 BC in which the political and belief system of Egypt was set
- Australopithecus- Means Southern Ape, earliest human ancestor
- Homo Habilis- Means “handy man” the 1st human ancestor to use tools
- Homo Erectus- means “upright man” is ancestor of humans and learned to use fire
- Cataracts- Strong rapids and waterfalls that block river traffic.
- Delta- Triangle shaped area of land where river empties into the ocean
- Pharaoh- The ruler of Egypt, often viewed as a living god on earth
HW Assigned 9/27/16 (Due 9/29/16) Students need to answer 1-3 under the Practice/Skill section on P.78. Also students need to answer 1-3 (all parts) on P.89. Answers go on P.32 of IN
HW Assigned 9/26/16 (Due 9/27/16) Students need to answer 1-7 on P.81. Answers must be written out, students can not simply put A,B,C, or D and get credit. Unlike most HW which is checked for effort, this homework assignment will be checked for correct answers. It is important to read through the chapter to find the correct answer. Also, HW will not go in the Interactive Notebook because I will collect answers for grading tomorrow. Answers go on loose leaf paper
HW Assigned 9/22/16 (Due 9/26/16 2nd Period and 1st period ISS/IR students only) Students need to answer 11-14 (all parts on P. 80. Answers go on P. 31 of IN. Students also need to finish making flashcards for the following words
- Hittites- The 1st people to master iron working, they used iron weapons and chariots to defeat Babylon in 1595 BC, and establish a Hittite Empire
- The Assyrians- Used strong military organization of professional life long soldiers as well as the practice of burning resisting farms and cities to the ground to conquer all of the Fertile Crescent and parts of Asia minor and Egypt in 900 BC.
- Nebuchadnezzar- Leader of Chaldeans, he practiced religious toleration and encouraged his people to adopt Sumerian culture instead of forcing Chaldean culture on Sumerians.
- Asia Minor- Peninsula of land beyond the fertile crescent. It is the end of Asia and sits between the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea
- Architecture- Science of Building
- The Chaldeans- Famous for building the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. The Chaldean ruler was Nebuchadnezzar
- Phoenicians- An economically important group of people who traded across the Mediterranean Sea. The Phoenicians invented the alphabet.
- Alphabet- Set of letters that can be combined to form words. It does not use pictures to convey meaning for each word instead it builds words.
- Epic Poem- Long poem that tells the story of a hero or other character. May have basis in fact/truth but often legendary in nature
- Chariots- Wheeled carts drawn by horses, used in battle
HW assigned 9-20-16 (Due 9-22-16) Students need to answer 1-8, and 10 (all parts) on P. 79. Answers go on P. 29 of IN
HW assigned 9-19-16 (Due 9/20/16) Students need to answer 1-5 (all parts) on P.77. Answers go on P.27 of IN
HW assigned 9/15/16 (Due 9/19/16) Students need to answer 8-10 (all parts) and 12-15 on P. 46 in the textbook. Answers go on P.26 of IN. Students also need to finish making flashcards for the following words. Quiz Monday 9/19/16 covering vocabulary and critical thinking from material in Chapter 2.
- Ice Age- Time of freezing temperatures when the world was majority ice, ended 10,000 years ago
- Hunter-Gatherers– People who hunt animals, gather wild plants to survive. They do not stay in one place.
- Gilgamesh- Legendary ruler, may have been the 1st King of Uruk
- Sargon– Established the world’s 1st Empire, the Akkadian Empire in Mesopotamia
Paleolithic- Old Stone Age, the first part of stone age
- Mesolithic– Middle Stone Age
- Neolithic– New Stone Age, the last part of the stone age. It is when people begin to settle down and practice agriculture
- Society– A community of people who share a common culture
- Megaliths– Huge stones used as monuments
- Hammurabi’s Code- 1st Written set of laws in the world. Deals with all parts of daily life. (Eye for an Eye)
HW Assigned 9/13/16 (Due 9/15/16) Students need to answer questions 4-5 on P. 69 and questions 1 and 2 on P. 71. Answers go on P. 22 of IN
HW assigned 9/12/16 (Due 9/13/16) Students need to answer questions 1 and 2 (all parts) on P.64 and 1-3 (all parts) on P.69. Answers go on P.19 of IN. Students also need to finish making flashcards for the following vocabulary words.
Fertile Crescent- Large arc of rich fertile farmland between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Cuneiform– The worlds first system of writing before the alphabet.
Empire– Land with different territories under a single ruler
Ziggurat– A pyramid-shaped temple tower
Canal- A human made water way
Monarch– A ruler of a kingdom or empire
Silt– Mixture of rich soil and rocks
Domestication– The process of changing plants and animals to make them more useful to humans
Surplus– More than is needed
Urban– Located in the city with many people in a small area
Rural- Located in the countryside with very few people in a large area
Polytheism– Worship of many gods
Social Hierarchy- The division of society by rank or class
Scribe– A writer
HW assigned 9/8/16 (Due 9/12/16) Students need to read Chapter 3 sections 1 and 2 P. 54-64 of their textbook and answer 1-4 (all parts) from the Chapter 3, Section 1 review. Answers go on P. 15 of the IN
Hw Assigned 9/6/16 (due 9/8/16) Students need to complete the following sample test. This is just a sample test not the real test but the same material will be covered. Students need to write out the word or words beside their choice. It is not enough to simply write a letter for multiple choice or true false. They must write the letter or T/F and the words that go along with their selection.
Multiple Choice The questions are divided but for some reason I can only get numbers to appear after the initial question. Please assume A,B,C,D for these choices.
- Why is the study of ancient bones important to us today?
- The study of ancient bones gives us information about our human ancestors.
- Ancient bones are the only source of information about early peoples for archaeologists.
- Ancient bones help develop better forms of agriculture.
- Ancient bones help develop modern technologies.
- Which of the following defines a hominid?
- an early ancestor of humans c. a tool
- a fishhook d. a collection of ancient bones
- Which of the following defines Homo erectus?
- thinking man c. wise man
- modern man d. upright man
- What is the scientific name for modern humans?
- Australopithecus c. Homo habilis
- Homo erectus d. Homo sapiens
- What effect did the invention of tools have on early humans?
- They required humans to stand close to animals when hunting.
- They increased chances for survival.
- They decreased chances for survival.
- They allowed more animals to graze the fields.
- Which of the following best defines society?
- a community of people who share a common culture
- a community of people who share a language
- a community of people who share a region
- a community of people who share a religion
- Scientists believe language developed in the Stone Age for all the following reasons except
- hunting purposes. c. creating art.
- the distribution of food. d. the formation of new relationships.
- Hunter-gatherer societies in the Old Stone Age had all of the following except
- tools. c. art.
- fire. d. religion.
- What effect did the ice ages have on early humans?
- Early humans were forced to control large fires.
- Early humans were forced to fish.
- Early humans were forced to move to new environments.
- Early humans were forced to hunt.
- According to scientists, how did early people migrate out of Africa and into new places?
- They used the wheel. c. They used ships.
- They used land bridges. d. They used technology.
- Which of the following best defines a land bridge?
- mammoth bones laid out over a body of water
- a mountain range beside a body of water
- a strip of land connecting two continents
- a strip of coast along a rocky shore
- The region of the world that was likely occupied last by early humans was
- South America. c. southern Asia.
- North America. d. northern Asia.
- Tools in the Middle Stone Age were smaller and more complex than tools in the Early Stone Age. Which of the following statements supports this fact?
- Early humans braided grass clothing for travel.
- Early humans used spears rather than fishing hooks.
- Early humans sharpened rocks to razor-sharp edges.
- Early humans invented hooks and the bow and arrow.
- The Middle Stone Age is also called the
- Neolithic Era. c. Paleolithic Era.
- Ice Age. d. Mesolithic Era.
- Which of the following happened first?
- the Neolithic Era c. the Paleolithic Era
- the Ice Age d. the Mesolithic Era
- Which of the following best describes the advancements of the New Stone Age?
- using tools c. using seeds to grow crops
- gathering food d. using fire to cook food
- Which statement best defines the Neolithic Revolution?
- major battle fought between people of Asia and Africa
- the shift from food gathering to food producing
- the shift from food gathering to hunting
- major battle fought between the peoples of Asia
- What effect did farming have on people in the Stone Age?
- It allowed them to build permanent settlements.
- It allowed them to travel.
- It allowed them to paint caves.
- It allowed them to hunt for animals.
- Which is the best inference based on this statement?
- Early people based their religion on things they could build.
- Early people based their religion on domestication.
- Early people based their religion on agriculture.
- Early people based their religion on nature and their environment.
- Which of the following statements best summarizes the relationship between farming and the growth of towns?
- Farming held back developments in the arts.
- The development of farming helped establish permanent settlements.
- The development of farming led to more hunter-gatherer groups.
- Farming competed with hunting and gathering practices.
- What city is located about 40° N latitude and 120° W longitude? _____________________________
- What city is located about 30° N latitude and 90° W longitude? _____________________________
- What city is located about 40° N latitude and 90° W longitude? _____________________________
- West Palm Beach is located about ____________ latitude and ______________ longitude.
- Philadelphia is located about ____________ latitude and ______________ longitude.
- Salem is located about ____________ latitude and ______________ longitude.
Fill in the Blank.
Use the following words to fill in the blanks in the sentences.
Environments Footprints Resources
Secondary Climates Artifacts
- A textbook is an example of a ____________________
- Sometimes, archaeologists carefully reconstruct ____________________ from hundreds of broken pieces of a statue, for example.
- Early peoples developed different cultures based on their
- Societies with many natural ____________________ could build cities and armies and develop trade.
- A mountain range creates two different
- Bones and ____________________ preserved in rock are examples of fossils.
Please write the ENTIRE word true or false.
- The language and religion of a people are physical features of a region.
- Mountains, valleys, and plains are all landforms.
- A secondary source is written by someone who took part in the events described.
- History helps you understand how today’s events are shaped by the events of the future.
- Human geography includes the study of how climate affects plant life.
- Over time, the interpretations of historians stay about the same.
- Objects that people left behind are often the only clues we have to how they lived.
- Weather and climate are the same.
HW assigned 9/1/16 (Due 9/6/16) Students need to answer 1-9 on P.21 and 1-7 on P. 47. On page 47 students must write out answers. Simply putting a letter will not receive full credit. Answers go on P. 13 of IN. *Test next Thursday 9/8/16
HW assigned 8/30/16 (Due 9/1/16) Students need to answer 1-3 (all parts) on P. 39 and 1-3 (all parts) on P. 43. Answers go on P.10 of IN
HW Assigned 8/25/16 (Due 8/29/16) Students need to read P. 28-34 and answer 1-5 (all parts) on P. 34. Also, students must finish making flashcards for the following vocabulary. Quiz Monday 8/29/16. Quiz will cover vocabulary and critical thinking questions dealing with textbook material.
- Artifact- an object that was created and used by humans
- Migrate– to move from one place to another
- Assimilated– to gradually take on the culture of another group until it becomes your own
- Fertile– possessing enough nutrients for plants to grow well.
- Irrigate– divert water from a river or lake to water crops
- Archaeology- The study of the past based on what people left behind.
- Resources– Materials found in the earth that people need and value
- Primary source- is an account of an event created by someone who took part in or witnessed the event
- Secondary Source- is information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event
- Fossil- a part or imprint of something that was once alive
HW assigned 8/23/16 (Due 8/25/16) Students need to read Chapter 1 section 1 and 2 (P. 6-17) and answer question 1-3 on P. 11 (all parts) and 1-3 on P. 17 (all parts). Answers go on P. 4 of the Interactive Notebook. Students must bring textbook to school.
Vocabulary Quiz Monday 8/22/16. Vocabulary Quiz will cover the following vocabulary words and a selection of questions involving map skills. Ex) Using scale to measure distance, giving latitude longitude coordinates, as well as general geography questions.
- Compass Rose- Symbol on a map which shows Cardinal and Intermediate Directions
- Cardinal Directions- North, South, East, and West
- Environment- The physical and natural surroundings of an area
- Climate- Patterns of weather in a given area over a long period of time.
- Topography- changes in elevation across a given area or region
- Hemisphere- One half of the earth, can be divided into northern, southern, eastern, and western halves.
- Lines of Latitude- Imaginary lines running east and west, used to measure distance north and south of the Equator.
- Lines of Longitude- Imaginary lines running north and south, used to measure distance east and west of the Prime Meridian
- Scale- shows the ratio of distance on the map to distance in the real world
- Map Key/Legend- Provides the information necessary to decode symbols and patterns on a map
Welcome back! I hope you had a great summer and that we will have a great year together!
Welcome back. I hope we have a great year together.
Week 1 Vocabulary
Continent– the 7 large landmasses on the earth.
Country– Largest political unit in which people group themselves. Ex. The United States
State/Province- Political subdivision of a country. Ex. Louisiana.
Region– Grouping of states/provinces that have similar cultural or geographic features
Benjamin Buck– In class reward system used by Mr. Lewis to reward positive, respectful, responsible behavior.
Lines of latitude– East West parallel lines on a map, used to measure North and South.
Lines of Longitude– North/South parallel lines, used to measure East and West
Equator– Imaginary line that separates the world into a Northern and Southern half. 0 degrees
Prime Meridian– Imaginary line that separates the world into an East and West half. O degrees
Hemisphere– One half of the Earth (Western, Southern, Eastern, Northern)
Homework for week 2- Students need to make flashcards for the following vocabulary and study for a quiz (given Monday 8/24) on vocabulary and measuring distances on a map using scale.
Archaeology- The study of the past based on what people left behind.
Scale- The direct connection between latitude and longitude on a map.
Environment- All living and non-living things that affect life in a given area
Climate- Weather patterns over a long period of time in a given area.
Resources– Materials found in the earth that people need and value
Primary source- is an account of an event created by someone who took part in or witnessed the event
Secondary Source- is information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event
Fossil- a part or imprint of something that was once alive
Artifact- an object that was created and used by humans
History- The study of the past
Homework assigned 8/25/15 (1st period Due 8/27/15) and 8/26/15 (6th and 8th period Due 8/28/15) Read P. 12-17 and answer 1-4 (all parts of every question)
Over the weekend 8/26/15-8/30/15 Students need to make flashcards and study the following vocabulary words. In addition they will also be quizzed on Chapter 1 section 1 and 2 from their textbook. Quiz Monday 8/31/15
Colony– Distant group controlled by a more powerful nation
Myth– Story used to explain a feature of life with no basis in truth
Legend– Story to explain a feature of life with a distant basis in truth
Assimilated– to gradually take on the culture of another group until it becomes your own
Barter– to trade goods or supplies without money
Homage– To publicly pay respect
Migrate– to move from one place to another
Elders- well respected older members of the community
Fertile– possessing enough nutrients for plants to grow well.
Irrigate– divert water from a river or lake to water crops
Homework assigned 8/31/15 (Due 9/1/15 for 1st and 9/2/15 for 6th and 8th) Students should complete 1-7 and 8A, 8B, 9A, and 9B on P. 21.
Students need to study for the test over Chapter 1 and the beginning of Chapter 2. For HW they need to complete sample test questions 1-7 on P. 23 (The questions and answers should be written on P.8 of their interactive notebook) Test 9/3/15 (1st period) and 9/4/15 (6th and 8th periods)
Important terms to know (many are previous flashcards)
History, Prehistory, Archaeologist, Oral Traditions, Geography, Nomads, Hominids, Domesticate, Irrigation, Civilization, Artisan, Social Class.
Map skills and Geography constitute a large portion of the test
Due to the Labor day holiday there will be Vocabulary cards given this week, nor will students have their usual Monday Quiz. Instead, students need to read p. 28-34 and complete P. 34 1-5 (all parts). Answers go on P. 9 of the interactive Notebook.
Assigned 9/7/15 (Due 9/10/15 1st period) and 9/8/15 (Due 9/11/15 6th and 8th period) Students need to read P.40-43 and answer 1-4 (all parts from P.43 on P10 in their interactive notebook.
Students need to make flashcards for the following vocabulary words. The quiz Monday 9/14/15 will cover these 10 words, plus 5 words from previous weeks, as well as 5 questions concerning the material in Ch. 2 from the textbook.
Mesolithic Era– The Middle stone age ( stone tools become smaller and more complex)
Neolithic Era– The New Stone age (fire, agriculture and domestication begin)
Silt– a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks
Surplus– having more than is needed
Division of Labor– Arrangement in which each worker specializes in a task
Domestication– The process of changing plants and animals to make them more useful to humans
Paleolithic Era– The first part of the stone age, the old stone.
Society– a community of people that share a common culture
Polytheism– The worship of many gods
Social Hierarchy– The division of society by rank and class.
Assigned 9/14/15 (Due 9/15/15 1st Period) (Due 9/16/15 6th and 8th Period) Students need to read P. 54-64 and answer 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, and 2C on P. 57 as well as answer 1-3 (all parts) on P. 64. Answers go on P.12 of their Interactive Notebook.
Assigned 9/15/15 (Due 9/17/15) for 1st period and 9/16/15 (Due 9/18/15) for 6th and 8th Period. Students need to read P.72-77 and answer 1-4 p.77. Answers go on P.13 of Interactive Notebook.
Weekend of 9/18/15-9/20/15 Students need to make and study flashcards for the following vocabulary words. Quiz Monday 9/21/15. Quiz will cover 10 new words, 5 old words, and 5 questions from chapter 3 of the textbook.
Ice Ages– Long periods (100’s-1,000’s of years) of cold snowy weather that forces people to move away from expanding glaciers
Land Bridge– Strip of land connecting two continents
South America– Continent, that was the last region reached by early humans
Neolithic Revolution– Name for shift from hunting/gathering to farming in New Stone Age
Hominid– An early ancestor of humans
Homo Erectus– Means “Upright Man”
Homo Hablis– Means “Handy Man”
Homo Sapiens– Means “Wise Man”
Australopithecus– Means “Southern Ape”
Antarctica– Only continent early humans did not reach or live on.
Assigned 9/21/15 (Due 9/22/15 1st period) (Due 9/23/15 6th and 8th period) 1st period was given a single worksheet to review material in the beginning of Ch. 3 from the textbook. It will be checked Tuesday in class. 6th and 8th periods were given a small packet which covers the entirety of Ch. 3 from the textbook. While some work was done in class the entire packet will be checked on Wednesday 9/23/15 for Homework.
Assigned 9/22/15 (Due 9/24/15 1st period) and 9/23/15 (Due 9/25/15 6th and 8th period) Students need to complete the chapter 3 review P.79 (all questions) as well as P. 80 (11, 12, and 13 all parts) Unit Test 9/29/15 1st period and 9/30/15 6th and 8th periods
Assigned for the weekend of 9/25/15-9/27/15. Students need to finish making flash cards, if not finished during class, for the following vocabulary words. Quiz Monday9/28/15. Quiz covers these 10 words, 5 words from previous weeks and 10 questions from Chapter 1, 2, and 3 of Textbook (As Unit 1 test preparation. Unit 1 Test 9/29 (2nd and 3rd period) and 9/30/15 (7th period)
Epic Poem– Long narrative poem telling of a hero’s deeds
Cuneiform– The worlds first system of writing before the alphabet.
Sargon– The leader who united the ancient Sumerian city states into the first empire
Hammurabi– Ancient Babylonian leader who developed the 1st legal system (Hammurabi’s code)
Urban– Located in the city with many people in a small area
Rural- Located in the countryside with very few people in a large area
Empire– Land with different territories under a single rule
Ziggurat– A pyramid-shaped temple tower
Canal- A human made water way
Monarch– A ruler of a kingdom or empire
Assigned 9/29/15 (Due 10/1/15 1st period) and 9/30/15 (Due 10/2/15 6th and 9th period) Students need to read section 1 of Chapter 4 and answer 1-4 (all parts) on P. 89. Answers go on 23 of the Interactive Notebook
Assigned 10/1/15( Due 10/6/15 1st period) and 10/2/15 (Due 10/7/15 6th and 8th period) Students need to read P. 90-95 and answer 1-5 on P. 95. Answers go on P. 25 of Interactive Notebook. Students also need to finish making flashcards for the following words and Study for a Voc. Quiz (Quiz 10/6/15 1st period and 10/7/15 6th and 8th period) The Quiz will cover these 10, words, 5 old words from the previous week and 5 questions from chapter 4 section 1 and 2
Cataracts– Strong rapids in a river
Delta– Triangle shaped area of land made at the mouth of a river by deposited rich soil
Dynasty– Series of rulers from the same family
Pharaoh– Ruler of Egypt
Nobles (elite)– People from rich and powerful families
Obelisk– A tall four-sided pillar that is pointed on top
Old Kingdom– Egyptian Empire from 2700 B.C- 2200 B.C
Middle Kingdom– 2nd Egyptian empire from 2000 BC- 1750 B.C.
New Kingdom– 3rd and Greatest Egyptian Empire from 1550 B.C- 1050 B.C
Trade network– A system of people in different lands who trade goods using established trade routes
Assigned 10/6/15 (Due 10/8/15 1st Period) and 10/7/15 (Due 10/9/15 6th and 8th Period) Students need to reap P. 96-100 and Answer 1-4 (All parts) on P. 100. Answers go on P. 28 of the Interactive Notebook.
Interactive Notebook Test 10/8/15 (1st Period) and 10/9/15 (6th and 8th Period). Interactive Notebook test is a check to see if students kept an organized, up to date Interactive Notebook.
0= Week 1 Voc.
1= Ch 1 Notes Handout
2= Week 2 Voc.
3= HW p. 17 1-4 (All parts)
4= Week 3 Voc.
5= Blank (Game Worksheet)
6= HW P. 21 1-9 (All parts)
7= Test Review
8= HW P. 23 1-7
9= HW P. 34 1-5 (All Parts
10= HW P.43 1-4 (All parts)
11= Week 5 Voc.
12= HW P. 57 1 and 2 P. 64 1-3
13= HW P. 77 1-4 (All parts)
14= Nomad Chart
15= Settler Chart
16= Week 6 VOC
17= Worksheet Packet Unit 1
18= Worksheet Packet Unit 1
19= Critical Thinking Questions unit 1
20= P. 79 All and P. 80 11, 12, and 13
21= Test Review Questions
22= Week 7 VOC
23= P. 89 1-4 (All parts)
24= Week 8 VOC
25= HW P. 95 1-5 (All parts)
26= Unit 1 Reflection
27= Student Notes Ch. 4 Section 1 and 2
28= HW P. 100 Answer 1-4 (All parts)
Quiz Monday10/12/15 Students need to finish making flashcards and study the following vocabulary words. The quiz will cover these 10 new words, 5 old words, and 5 questions from Ch. 4 Sections 3, 4, and 5.
Hieroglyphics– Egyptian system of writing (pictures = Syllables)
Papyrus– long lasting paper-like material made from reeds
Rosetta Stone- Stone slab covered with Hieroglyphics and Ancient Greek enabling translation
Menes– Pharaoh that United Upper and Lower Egypt for the 1st time
Pianki- Kushite King that conquered Egypt and united the two regions under his rule.
Queen Shanakhdakheto– The 1st female, Kushite ruler of Ancient Egypt
Re (Amon-Re)– The Egyptian Sun God
Osiris– The Egyptian God of the Underworld
Engineering– The application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
Ramses the Great– Last Egyptian leader of New Kingdom who allied with the Hittites and repelled invasions of Egypt then expanded Egyptian territory into Asia Minor.
Chapter 4 Test 10/20/15 (1st Period) and 10/21/15 (6th and 8th period) Review these questions
1. The Nile River flows through two important regions in Egypt called
a. Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. c. Eastern Egypt and Western Egypt.
b. Mesopotamia. d. Nubia and Cairo.
2. The Nile River Valley was well suited for settlement. Which of the following statements supports this fact?
a. The geography supported various desert plants and birds.
b. The geography included many areas for hunters to hunt widely.
c. The geography included areas for farming.
d. The geography helped to unify the country.
3. Which of the following best describes how Egyptian civilization developed?
a. Villages replaced towns. c. Cities broke off into scattered farms.
b. Farms grew into villages and then cities. d. Farms replaced cities and then pyramids.
4. Besides providing a stable food diet, what other advantage did Egypt’s location provide for early Egyptians?
a. It had temples in which to worship.
b. It had Sumerian artwork to use as decoration.
c. It had natural barriers to protect against invaders.
d. It had two dynasties to celebrate religious traditions.
5. Pyramids are
a. warehouses where surplus food is stored.
b. temples where the people are allowed to come and pray.
c. stone tombs with four rectangle-shaped sides that join a limestone roof.
d. royal tombs with four triangle-shaped sides that meet in a point on top.
6. Which of the following best defines dynasty?
a. a collection of queens c. series of rulers from different families
b. a collection of kingdoms d. series of rulers from the same family
7. The most famous pharaoh of the Old Kingdom was
a. Horus. c. Menes.
b. Sinai. d. Khufu.
8. Which of the following beliefs was central to Egyptian religion?
a. the afterlife c. the pharaohs
b. the pyramids d. the heavens
9. Which statement best describes the burial practices of Egyptians?
a. Egyptians preserved bodies as mummies.
b. Egyptians carried their dead to neighboring countries.
c. Egyptians used a funeral pyre for their dead.
d. Egyptians buried their dead in the river.
10. Who drove the Hyksos out of Egypt to begin the New Kingdom?
a. Ozti c. Ahmose of Thebes
b. Ramses the Great d. Queen Hatshepsut
11. What job employed the most people in Egypt?
a. merchant c. scribe
b. farmer d. architect
12. Ramses the Great is best remembered
a. for his ability as an artist.
b. as a great scribe.
c. for his untimely death at the hands of Ahmose.
d. as a great warrior and builder.
13. Why were tombs filled with art, jewelry, and other treasures?
a. The tombs served as museums.
b. The tombs were the private storage rooms of the pharaoh.
c. Egyptians believed tombs to be the safest places in the kingdom.
d. Egyptians believed the dead enjoyed such materials in the afterlife.
14. Which area was probably the largest source of gold for the Egyptians?
a. Mycenae c. the Western desert
b. the Nubian desert d. the Euphrates River
Fill in the Blank: Choose the best word for the sentence.
15. The southern part of Ancient Egypt was called ____________________.
16. Branches of the Nile fanned out to form a ____________________, a triangle-shaped area of soil deposited by a river.
17. Egyptians believed that a person’s ____________________ left the body and became a spirit after death.
18. _______________Scribes_____ wrote and copied religious and literary texts.
19. The ___Rosetta Stone_________________ helped historians understand hieroglyphics.
20. If you were an ancient trader you would carry your goods along _________Trade Routes/ Trade Network________.
21. The steep rapids found along a river are called ________Cataracts____.
True/False: Write the WHOLE WORD true or false.
22. Egypt was called the gift of the Nile because the Nile never flooded the land around it. F
23. The Nile River is the second longest river in the world. F
24. Egyptian farmers built canals to direct the flow of the Nile and carry water to their fields. T
25. The Mediterranean Sea made it easy for other countries to invade Egypt. F
26. Egyptians believed that pharaohs were gods. T
27. The Egyptians built pyramids for all people who died. F
28. Slaves in Egypt had some legal rights and could sometimes earn their freedom. T
29. The Egyptians believed that temples were the homes of the gods. T
30. Temples were very plain and had little decoration. F
Matching: Match each item with the correct statement.
31. Egypt’s first pharaoh
32. The title used by rulers of Egypt
33. Steep rapids along a river
34. People from rich and powerful families
35. Specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth
36. The application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
37. Pharaoh who was a great builder and warrior
38. A long-lasting, paper-like material made from reeds
39. A tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top
40. Egyptian system of writing
Analysis: Circle the word that does not belong.
41. Mummies Pharaoh Pyramid Scribe
42. Elite Slaves Nobles Pharaoh
43. Obelisk Sphinx Nile Pyramid
44. Greek English Rosetta Stone Hieroglyphics
45. Pharaoh Papyrus Hieroglyphics Scribe
Short Answer: Please write the answer on your Answer Sheet.
46. What were the geographical features that protected
Egypt from invasion? On your answer sheet put them
in the correct blank. Use the map to your right.
Assigned 10/20/15 (Due 10/22/15 1st period) and 10/21/15 (Due 10/23/15 6th and 8th period) Students need to read the first section of Chapter 5 and answer 1-5 (all parts) on P. 129. Answers go on P. 40 of the Interactive Notebook.
Quiz Monday 10/26/15. Students need to finish making flashcards for the following words. The quiz will cover these 10 words, 5 words from the last list of vocabulary words, and 5 questions from Ch. 5 sections 1 and 2.
Monsoons– Seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons
Sanskrit– The most important language of ancient India
Harrapan Civilization- The oldest Indian civilization 2300-1700 BC
Aryans– Skilled warriors who invaded India from the west in 1700 BC
Hinduism– The major religion of India that believes in life and rebirth
Dharma– The Indian word for duty and accepting one’s place in the world without complaint.
Caste System- Division of Indian society into groups based on a persons birth, wealth, or occupation
Reincarnation– The cycle of going from life to rebirth. (Once you die you are reborn as a new person to live life again)
Karma– The effects that good and bad actions have on a person’s soul.
Jainism– an Indian religion based on the teachings of Mahavira. They live by 4 principals, injure no life, tell the truth, do not steal, own no property.
Assigned 10/26/15 (Due 10/27/15 1st Period and 10/28/15 for 6th and 8th Period. Students need to read P. 130-135 and answer 1-5 (all parts) on P. 135. Answers go on P. 45 of the interactive notebook.
Assigned 10/27/15 (Due 10/29/15) and 10/28/15 (Due 10/30/15) Students need to complete the Ch. 5 section 3 review. (P. 139 or 140) (1-5) All parts
Quiz Monday 11/2/15. Students need to finish making flashcards for the following words. The quiz will cover these 10 words, 5 words from the last list of vocabulary words, and 5 questions from Ch. 5 sections 3 and 4.
Varna- A social Division in Indian Society (class group of caste)
Brahmins- The highest social group, or priestly class, who performed religious rituals
Kshatriyas- The 2nd highest social group, rulers and military leaders
Vaisyas- The “Middle class” Large group made up of merchants, craftspeople, and farmers
Sudras- The lowest group within the caste system, made up of servants and common workers
Untouchables- People without a caste, or casteless people who are the lowest members of society
Vedic Texts- Collection of writings about how to praise gods and perform rituals.
Sutra- Aryan guides telling each caste how to behave in society
Brahman- A single universal spirit central to hinduism, which takes many forms.
Shiva/Siva- One of the forms of Brahman, the destroyer,
Homework 11/2/15 Students need to complete p. 145 1-5 (all parts) Homework due next class period.
Homework 11/3/15 (Due 11/5/15 1st period) and 11/4/15 (Due 11/6/15 6th and 8th period) Students need to complete 1-4 (All parts) on P. 145 from their textbook.
Quiz 11/9/15 Students need to finish making flashcards for the following words. The quiz will cover these 10 words, 5 words from the last list of vocabulary words, and 5 questions from Ch. 5 (all sections).
Candragupta Maurya- Founder of the Mauryan Empire 320 BC- 185 BC (Became a Jainist monk and had to give up empire)
Fasting- Going without food (usually for religious or ritual reasons)
Meditating- Focusing the mind on spiritual ideas
Asoka- Candragupta Maurya’s grandson he converted to Buddhism and focused on improving the lives of his people
Buddhism- Religion based on the teachings of Buddha
Nirvana- A state of perfect peace
Candra Gupta- Hindu ruler who Re-united India into an Empire 500 years after the Mauryan Empire. Gupta Empire lasts 320 AD-480 AD. The Gupta’s strengthened the Indian caste system.
Siddhartha- (Becomes the Buddha or Enlightened One) Hindu prince who wanted to end suffering and created the religion of Buddhism
Mahayana- School/Sect of Buddhism which thinks the teachings of Buddha can be interpreted/translated by modern Buddhist monks
Theravada- School/Sect of Buddhism which says that the teachings of Buddha must be strictly followed and cannot be changed
Homework 11/9/15 (Due 11/10/15 1st period) (Due 11/11/15 6th and 8th period) Students need to answer all questions on P.153
Students need to finish making flashcards for the following Vocabulary words. Quiz will cover 10 new words, 5 old words, and 5 questions from Chapter 6.
Nonviolence- The avoidance of violent actions
The Eightfold Path- The daily steps Buddhists take to ensure they reach enlightenment and follow in Buddha’s footsteps.
Ramayana- Narrative text whose characters are seen as models for how Indians should behave
Vishnu- The Preserver, one of the forms Brahman takes when preserving life or the balance of the world.
Hanuman- The monkey god, the joker form of Brahman.
Hindu-Arabic numerals- Predecessors (Ancestors) to the numbers we use today, which were invented in India
Inoculation- Injecting a person with a small dose of a virus to help their immune system
Metallurgy- the science of working with metals
Alloy- A mixture of 2 or more metals
Astronomy- the study of the stars and planets
Projects Due Last Class Before Thanksgiving Projects are worth 2 test grades.
River Project (8th period and individuals which did not turn in their river research sheet must complete projects individually)
Roles will be assigned in groups by an agreement of members. If you have not turned in a research sheet about your river you must do the project independently. Groups of 4 will work together on the picture/drawings on the Center portion of the board while groups of 5 or more will assign that portion to a group member.
Materials: A large poster board, colored pencils, markers or crayons.
A 1 C
B 2 D
1. A map of the River from its source to the mouth. Must be colored in and show local geographic features. 20%
2. A Depiction of ancient people from the river valley, must show their religion (depiction of temple/church and associated gods) their crops (what food did they eat) and technology (tools, weapons, materials, sciences) 20%
A. 3- 5 Paragraph description of the rivers flow/flood cycle (is it a slow or fast moving river? Does it flood regularly or irregularly? How do people protect from floods how do they benefit?) 15%
B. 3-5 Paragraph Description of the culture local to the river. (Religion?, Festivals? Ways of life?) 15%
C. 3-5 Paragraph Description of Crops/Goods. (What foods do people eat? What goods are transported on the River? Have the crops changed over time? Do these crops depend on irrigation?) 15%
D. 3-5 paragraph description of how the river has transformed life in the region (Think about the different boats on each river. How have people adapted to life near or on this river? Have they developed a building style? Do they change the way they live? What kinds of boats are used on the river and why?) 15%
Homework for 11/16/15 is to work on projects (See guidelines above)
Continue working on the project. Students must submit projects on Thursday 11/19/15 (1st Period) and Friday 11/20/15 (6th and 8th period).
Homework assigned 12/1/15 (Due 12/3/15 1st period) and 12/2/15 (Due 12/4/15 6th and 8th period) Students need to read P.161-165 and answer 1-5 (all parts) on P. 165. Answers go on P. 70 of IN
Quiz Monday 12/7/15. If students have not done so they need to finish making flashcards for the following vocabulary words. The quiz will cover these 10 words, 5 words from the previous quiz (Vishnu, Hanuman, Inoculation, Alloy, Eightfold Path, and 5 questions from Chapter 6 sections 1 and 2.
Zhou Dynasty– Overthrew the Shang Dynasty in 1100BC. China’s longest ruling dynasty 1100- 481 BC believed in a “Mandate from Heaven” to rule China
Lords- Another name for the noble/elite members of society
Peasants– The people on the lowest level of Chinese society
Ethics– Moral values
Confucius (Confucianism)- Chinese scholar who created a system of ethics like a religion
Jade– A hard gemstone (usually green) precious to Chinese elite
Xia Dynasty– Legendary empire that may have been the first to control China in 2200 BC
Shang Dynasty– 1st documented empire in China, it controlled northern China by 1500- 1100 BC and invented Chinese writing
Oracle– An object or person that predicts the future
Gobi Desert– Large desert in North China
Homework assigned 12/7/15 (Due 12/8/15 1st Period) (Due 12/9/15 6th and 8th period). Students need to answer 1-4 (all parts on P. 171. Answers go on P. 73 of IN
Exams begin next week 12/15/15-12/18/15. (1st Period=Tuesday 12/15/15) (6th period=Thursday 12/17/18) (8th Period=Friday 12/18/15) Students need to be able to write a short description of each of the following key concepts and terms. They can use the textbook and/or vocabulary cards made throughout the course of the semester.
Midterm Study Guide
Please complete the study guide on loose leaf paper. This is worth a participation grade and is due on Monday, December 14, 2015.
1. Latitude & Longitude
2. Continents (list 7 and define
3. Climate Zones (List 3 and define)
4. Climate, Weather, Meteorology
5. Time Zones (24 in world name 6 in US)
6. Compass Rose, Directions (Cardinal and Intermediate)
4. Fossil, Artifact
5. Primary Source, Secondary Source
6. Human and Physical Geography
8. Essential early resources
2. Early Humans
b. Homo Habilis
c. Homo Erectus
d. Homo Sapiens
3. Paleolithic Era
4. Mesolithic Era
5. Neolithic Era
8. Ice age
9. Land Bridge
1. Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
4. Irrigation, Canals
5. Division of Labor
9. Hammurabi’s Code
10. Hittites and Kassites
2. Gift of the Nile
3. Nile River
6. Natural Barriers
12. Trade Routes
15. Hieroglyphics, Papyrus
1. Himalayan Mountains
5. Caste System
6. Divisions of Society
12. Four Noble Truths of Buddhism
1. Great Wall
2. Huang He River
3. Xia, Shang, and Zhou Dynasties
The following are sample questions
A textbook is an example of a ____________________ source.
Societies with many natural ____________________ could build cities and armies and develop trade.
Gathering of wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts was mostly done by ____________________.
Land bridges allowed for ____________________ Age people to move around the world.
By 9000 BC, people lived on all continents except ____________________.
Historians call the shift from food gathering to food producing the ____________________ Revolution.
The southern part of Ancient Egypt was called ____________________.
Branches of the Nile fanned out to form a ____________________, a triangle-shaped area of soil deposited by a river.
The ____________________ helped historians understand hieroglyphics.
Happy New Year!
Students need to finish making flashcards for the following vocabulary words. Quiz Monday 1-11-16. Quiz will cover 10 new words, 5 bathroom scenarios from the social studies department presentation, and 5 questions from the reading in Chapter 6 section 1 and 2 of the textbook (look at section assessments on P. 171, 176).
Shi Huangdi– the 1st emperor. King of the Qin who reunited China and established the Qin Dynasty. He ruled through the power of the military.
Qin Dynasty– Short lived Chinese dynasty that reunited China after the warring states period
Han Dynasty– Dynasty established after the death of Shi Huangdi. Liu Bang was a peasant but became king because of victories in battle and belief that he had the Mandate of Heaven.
Seismograph– Device that measures the strength of earthquakes
Acupuncture– The practice of inserting needles under the skin to cure disease or relieve pain.
Daoism– “The Way” Chinese religion, set of teachings, that stresses living in harmony with all of reality
Laozi– The most famous Daoist teacher, wrote The Way and Its Power. Taught that we should not try to gain wealth or power.
Legalism– The belief that people are bad by nature and need to be controlled
Confucianism– System of beliefs that say everyone should act according to their proper role in society.
Warring States– A long period of war between Chinese lords trying to establish themselves as king after the fall of the Zhou Dynasty.
Homework assigned 1-11-16 (Due 1-12-16 1st period) (Due 1-13-16 5th and 8thperiod) Students need to read Chapter 6 section 4 and answer 1-4 (All parts)on P. 183. Answers go on P. 6 of Interactive Notebook (IN)
Homework assigned 1-12-16 (Due 1-14-16 1st period) and 1-13-16 (Due 1-15-16 6th and 8th period) Students need to answer 1-4 (all parts) on P. 189. Answers go on P. 8 of the IN.
Students need to finish making flashcards for the following vocabulary words. Quiz Tuesday 1-19-16. Quiz will cover 10 new words, 5 old words, and 5 questions from the reading (All of Chapter 6). Chapter 6 Test at the end of next week (1-21-16 1st period) (1-22-16 6th and 8th periods)
Diffusion– The spread of ideas from one culture to another
Characters– Symbols which represent a word, (rather than putting together letters you use 1 symbol)
Sima Quan- “Grand Historian” for the Han Dynasty. Author of the Shiji,
Shiji- The official History of the Han Dynasty compiled by official historians working for the emperor. Serves as model for all official histories since.
Great Wall- Barrier across northern China designed to keep out Mongolian invaders
Sundial– Uses the position of shadows cast by the sun to tell time
Wudi- Emperor of the Han Dynasty who required people to take a civil service exam in order to work for the government
Civil Service exam– Standardized test given to people which measures their ability to do certain jobs.
Silk– A soft light fabric made from the cocoons of silk worms
Silk Road- A series of trade networks over 4,000 miles long connecting China to the middle east and Mediterranean.
Test over Chapter 6 (1-21-16 1st period) (1-22-16 6th and 8th period)
Homework assigned 1-19-16 (Due 1-21-16 1st Period) and 1-20-16 (Due 1-22-16 6th and 8th period) Students need to Answer 1-15 (all parts) of the Chapter review on P. 193 and 194. Answers go on P. 13 of IN.
Students need to finishing making flashcards for the following words. Quiz Monday 1-25-16. Quiz will cover 10 new words, 5 0ld words and selected questions from the reading (Section 1 of the Chapter on Ancient Greece)
Minoans– Ancient society of traders who lived on the island of Crete until an earthquake destroyed them. (Lost Atlantis)
Mycenaean’s– The oldest/1st ancient Greek society. The Trojan war may have taken place during Mycenaean rule.
Citizens– People who had the right to participate in government.
Tyrant– A leader who holds power through the use of force.
Polis– City State, basic political unit of ancient Greece
Classical Age– An era of time marked by great achievements for a given civilization.
Acropolis– High hill with a fortress that was the political center of most Greek City-States
Aristocrats– Rich landowners (the wealthy/elite)
Oligarchy– A government in which only a few have power
Democracy– A government in which people rule themselves.
Homework assigned 1-25-16 (Due 9-26-15 1st period) (Due 1-27-16 6th and 8th period) Students need to read P. 228-233 and answer 1-5 (all parts). Answers go on P. 16 of the IN
Homework assigned 1-26-16 (Due 1-28-16 1st period) and 1-27-16 (Due 1-29-16 6thand 8th period) Students need to answer 1-4 (All parts) on P. 241. Answers go on P. 17 of IN
Quiz Monday February 1st. Students need to finish making flashcards for the following words. The quiz will cover the 10 new words, 5 old words, and 5 questions from Ch. 8 Sections 1, 2 and 3.
Mythology– A body of stories about gods and hero’s that tries to explain how the world works
Homer– Author of the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey. He influenced Greek writing for centuries.
Fables– Short stories that teach the reader lessons about life or give advice on how to live.
Aesop– Credited as the author of many fables. He used animals to relate stories to human actions
Iliad– Epic poem that describes the war between Greeks and the city-state of Troy.
Odyssey– Epic poem that describes the adventures of Odysseus on his return home from the Trojan Wars.
Cleisthenes– Founder of Athenian democracy. He got rid of rule by a small group of aristocrats and allowed all citizens to participate.
Pericles– Leader of the Athenian democracy from 460 BC to 429 BC who encouraged the spread of democracy to other Greek city-states
Direct democracy– Citizens are involved in every government decision through voting
Indirect Democracy– Citizens vote for an official to represent them and only the officials make government decisions through voting
Homework Assigned 2-1-16 (due 2-2-16 1st period) and (due 2-3-16 6th and 8th period) Students need to complete 1-4 (All Parts) on P. 249. Answers go on P. 22 of IN
Homework assigned 2-14-16 (Due 2-16-16 1st period) and (Due 2-17-16 6th and 8th period) Students need to write a short description of 6 inventions found in the textbook (Anywhere before Chapter 9, The chapters about India and China are good sources) and write a short description of which group of people invented the item, which parts of the world did the invention spread to, (from the place of origin to _____), when was the item invented (Give a time period if a specific year is not possible), and what the item does. Answers go on P.26 of IN
Homework assigned 2-16-16 (Due 2-18-16 1st period) and 2-17-16 (Due 2-20-16 6th and 8th period). Students need to answer -3 (All parts) on P.265 and 1-3 (All parts) on P.271. Answers go on P. 28 of IN
Interactive Notebook (IN) thus far
0= Map of China
1= Early Chinese Dynasties
2= Chinese Social Hierarchy
4= Week 1 Voc.
5= Guided Notes on Confucianism, Legalism, Daoism
6= P, 183 1-4 (All parts)
7= Confucius Notes (Last) Confucius and Civil Service
8= P. 189 1-4 (All parts)
9=Confucian Social Hierarchy
10= Silk Road Notes
11= Week 2 Voc.
12= Test Review Questions
13= P. 193 and 194 1-15
14= Week 3 Voc. 15= Week 3 Voc.
16= P. 233 1-5
17= P.241 1-4 (All parts)
18= Ancient Greece- Minoans
19= Greek Terms
20= Week 4 Voc. 21= Week 4 Voc.
22= P.249 1-4 (All parts)
23= Greek Mythology Social Hierarchy
24= Greek Mythology Notes
25= Greek Mythology Notes Continued
26= HW- Short Description of 6 ancient inventions
27= Alexander the Great
28= P. 265 1-3 (All parts) and P. 271 1-3 (All parts)
Students need to finish making flashcards for the following vocabulary words. Quiz Monday 2-22-16
Quiz will cover these 10 new words and a selection of questions from the recent homework reading sections.
Cyrus the Great– Persian King responsible for overthrowing the Medes and establishing the Persian Empire
Darius 1– Persian King responsible for dividing the empire into provinces/satraps and developing a system of roads
Xerxes– Persian King who continues to attack Greece but loses to the Athenian Navy at the battle of Salamis
Marathon– The 1st battle/invasion attempt of the Persian Wars. The Greek victory is made famous by the 26 mile run to Athens
Athens– City-state in Greece with large navy, which stresses democracy and education for men
Sparta– City-state in Greece, with a large well-trained army, which stresses obedience and self-discipline
Delian League- Alliance of Greek City-states led by Athens
Peloponnesian League– Alliance of Greek City-states led by Sparta
Phalanx- Square defensive formation of soldiers protecting each other with shields
Hellenistic– Greek Like
Homework assigned 2-23-16 (Due 2-25-16 1st period) and 2-24-16 (Due 2-26-16 6th and 8th Periods) Students need to answer 1-4 (all parts) on P. 276. Answers go on P. 36 of IN
Students need to finish making vocabulary flashcards for the following words. Quiz Monday 2-29-16 Quiz will cover 10 new words, 5 old words, and 5 questions which covers the material in Chapter 9 of the textbook.
Socrates– Greek philosopher known for asking questions about beliefs in his quest for knowledge. Forced to drink poison because he questioned the gods
Plato– Greek philosopher who created an Academy for Greeks to discuss ideas.
Aristotle- Greek philosopher who taught that people should live a balanced life and showed that you can learn information through inferences
Euclid– Greek Mathematician who created the field of geometry by studying lines and shapes.
Reason- Well ordered thought, critical thinking
Hippocrates- Greek doctor, well-known for creating a behavior code for doctors.
Helot- Spartan slave used to work agricultural land.
Parthenon- Temple to Athena built in Athens by Pericles to show the might of the city-state
Pantheon- Literally temple of all gods. The Pantheon refers to the complete set of gods in a polytheistic religion.
Alexander the Great- Son of Macedonian King Philip II. He conquered all of Greece and the Persian empire spreading Greek influence around the world
Projects Due Monday March 7
Great People and Great Ideas Project (World History- Individual Folder Project) Due Mon. March 7th
Supplies: Three prong folder that can hold paper, looseleaf or hole punched copy paper, colored pencils or markers (it is also ok to fin images and print them)
Leaders: Alexander the Great, Pericles, Xerxes, Darius I, Cyrus the Great, Sargon, Hammurabi, Nebuchadnezzar, Menes, Ramses the Great, Queen Hatshepsut, Siddhartha Gautama, Candra Gupta, Chandragupta Maurya, Asoka, Confucius, Shi Huangdi, Laozi, Lui Bang, Homer, King Agamemnon, Cleisthenes, Aesop, Philip II, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
Inventions/ideas: Sundial. Alloy, Hindu-Arabic Numerals, Inoculation, Papyrus, Chariots, Cuneiform, Seismograph, Silk, Acupuncture, Buddhism, Legalism, Phalanx, Paper, and saddle/stirrups
Students need to choose at least 10 leaders and 5 inventions/ideas to research. In the folder leaders or inventions/ideas can be in any order. However, all left side pages should be a graphic representation of the leader or invention/idea. Students should use the left side page to express their creativity, but it is ok to use images from the internet or other sources if the student is not artistic. On the right side page students should answer a series of research questions about the leader and invention/idea. If students need additional space to answer research questions continue onto the next page in the folder but make sure the next image is on a left side page, even if you have to leave a blank page in between the research answers and next image.
Research questions will be given and explained in class, will be posted on the wiki, and they accompany this handout. No excuses allowed for not knowing which questions to answer. The front cover of the folder should depict the student’s favorite great person or invention/idea. The student’s name must also be on the front cover, No Name = No Points.
Each Person or Invention/Idea is worth roughly 7% (6.6666 exactly) of the total grade. There will be a total of 7 questions for each item for 1% each question.
Great People/Leaders Questions
1. Biographical information (When was the person born, where were they born, When did they die, where did they die)
2. What civilization/Cultural group did the person belong to? (Ex. Han, Zhou, Shang, Qin, Harrapan, Babylonian, Hittite, Egyptian, Nubian, Minoan, Mycenaean, Gupta, Mauryan, etc…) Did this change in the person’s lifetime? Or did they found a new cultural group/civilization?
3. What impact did the person have in their lifetime? (In what ways did they influence the lives of other people during their lifetime) Did that impact change after their death (In what ways did they impact the lives of others in death)
4. What IB Learner Profile would you associate with the person (Inquirer, Reflective, Open-Minded, Principled, Communicator, Thinker, Knowledgeable, Caring, Risk-Taker, Balanced) and why?
5. What leader/person in the modern world is most like the person you chose (Modern means anything within the past 100 years up until today)? In what ways is the modern person like the person from the past?
6. What is the person’s legacy? How are they remembered by people today?
7. What traits/characteristics do you most admire about this person/ Why? (What things did the ancient person do that you like and why?)
1. How was the invention idea spread? (Along what trade routes did it spread and the order in which civilizations/cultural groups adopted the technology?
2. Where (which civilization/cultural group) and when was the invention/idea created?
3. What is the invention/idea used for?
4. Invention- Out of what materials was it built? Idea- What are the basic principles of the idea?
5. Do we still use this invention or idea today? If so, has the use of the invention/idea changed from its historical usage? If not, what do we use to accomplish the same task today?
6. What scientific or cultural knowledge went into making the invention/idea?
7. What changes to society did the invention/idea cause in historic times an modern times (if applicable)?
Homework Assigned Monday 2-29-16 (Due 3-1-16 1st Period) and (Due 3-2-16 6th and 8th Periods) Students need to complete P. 282 1-4 (all parts). Answers go on P. 42 of IN (there may be blank pages as some classes are further than others with notes)
Homework Assigned 3-1-16 (Due 3-3-16 1st period) and 3-2-16 (Due 3-4-16 6th and 8th period) Students need to answer all questions on P. 285 (Chapter 9 review) Answers go on P. 44
Students need to finish making vocabulary flashcards for the following words. Quiz Monday 3-7-16 Quiz will cover 10 new words, 5 old words, and 5 questions covering material from in Chapter 9 of the textbook. Also, 5-10 interactive Notebook Questions will be added to this quiz
Aeneas- Legendary leader from the Trojan Wars who escapes to Italy starts the Roman/Latin people
Romulus and Remus- Legendary twins abandoned on the Tiber River, nursed by a she-wolf who found the city of Rome in honor of being saved
Republic- Government in which people elect leaders to represent them (indirect democracy)
Dictator- Leader that rules with absolute authority. In Rome dictators were used in times of crisis to make decisions quickly
Patricians- Nobles, wealthy people
Plebeians- Common people
Magistrates- Elected officials who were assigned specific tasks to generally run the government.
Consul- Most powerful elected leaders. Like a president but shared power over the army and government
Roman Senate- Wealthy and powerful group of Romans who advised Consuls and magistrates
Forum- Like the Agora, it was a public meeting place where people gave and received information to each other
Reminder Projects Due Monday 3-7-16
Assigned 3-7-16 (Due 3-8-16 1st period) and (Due 3-9-16 6th and 8th Periods) Students need to answer 11-15 (All parts) on P.286. Answers go on P.47 of IN
Assigned 3-8-16 (Due 3-10-16) and 3-9-16 (Due 3-11-16) Students need to answer 1-4 on P. 299. Answers go on P. 49 of IN
3rd 9 weeks test 3-10-16 (1st period) and 3-11-16 (6th and 8th period)
Students need to finish making flashcards for the following words Quiz Monday 3-14-16. Quiz covers 10 new words, 5 old words, and 5 questions from the textbook readings
Punic Wars- Series of wars between Rome and Carthage
Law of 12 Tables- The 1st written law of Rome which protected rights, like the right to trial, and spelled out the duties of citizens and government
Hannibal- General from Carthage who almost defeated Rome by crossing the Alps with War Elephants
Lucius Cornelius Sulla- Roman Consul responsible for starting the Civil War in the 80’s BC after he made himself a dictator.
Aqueduct- A raised channel used to carry water to the cities.
Checks and Balances- System of government which balances power between different members/branches of government so that one member/branch didn’t become too powerful
Veto- Prohibit or cancel
Latin- The language spoken in ancient Rome
Gaius Marius- Roman Consul who allowed poor people to join the military
Civil Law- A legal system based on written law codes.
Assigned 3-14-16 (Due 3-15-16 1st period) and (Due 3-16-16 6th and 8th Period) Students need to answer 1-4 on P.307. Answers go on P. 51 of IN
Assigned 3-15-16 (Due 3-17-16 1st period) and 3-16-16 (Due 3-18-16 6th and 8th Period) Students need to complete 1-4 (All parts) on P.313. Answers go on P. 52 of IN
Students need to finish making flash cards for the following vocabulary words. Quiz Monday 3-21-16. Quiz covers 10 new words 5 old words and 5 questions from the reading.
Augustus (Octavian)- First Emperor of Rome after winning in the Roman Civil War
Marc Antony- Caeser’s general and friend who sided with Augustus at first but later committed suicide.
Pax Romana- Roman peace, long period of peace from Civil war to 180 AD
Cleopatra- Last of the Ptolemaic (Greek) rulers in Egypt. She sided with Marc Antony against Augustus and later committed suicide
Messiah- God’s annointed one (some believe Jesus of Nazareth was this)
Spartacus- Roman slave and gladiator who led a slave revolt demanding freedom, though it ultimately failed
Cicero- Philosopher and gifted orator who wanted to limit the power of generals
Julius Caesar- Roman general who became dictator for life but was killed by Roman Senators
Apostles- 12 disciples (students) of Jesus who received special training
Constantine- Roman emperor who adopted the Christian religion
Assigned 3-21-16 (Due 3-22-16 1st period) and (Due 3-23-16 6th and 8th Periods) Students need to answer 1-5 (all parts) on P.328. Answers go on P. 58 of IN
Extra Credit Project (The Ancient Times Newspaper) Can be turned in Anytime in the 4th 9 weeks up until May 6th
Many events happened within the Roman Republic/Empire. Thanks to written records it is possible to find out about many events, and in many cases read the writing left behind by Romans. You are tasked with creating a Newspaper articles related to some event in a given year. You should research the events that happened in any one year between 100 BC and 350 BC within the Roman Republic/Empire. Write a newspaper article summarizing the events of a single year or go in depth about one event. Articles must be 3 paragraphs long (Introduction, Body, and Conclusion). For every 10 articles turned in I will replace 1 Quiz grade (Max 3 Quiz grades) Remember to include the who, what, where, when and why. Only one article per year.
Assigned 4-4-16 (Due 4-5-16 1st period) and (Due 4-6-16 6th and 8th periods) Students need to answer all questions on p. 347. Answers go on P. 62 of IN
Assigned 4-5-16 (Due 4-7-16) and 4-6-16 (Due 4-8-16) Students need to answer 1-3 (all parts) on P. 357. Answers go on p. 66 of IN
Students need to finish making flashcards for the following vocabulary words. Quiz Monday 4-11-16. Quiz will cover these 10 words and 10 questions from the 2 chapters about Rome
Persecution- punishing a group because of their beliefs (any group not just Christians)
Transubstantiation- The belief that bread and wine turn into the body and blood of Jesus when taken by Christians
Paul of Tarsus (Saul)- The most important figure of the early church. Under him Christians broke away from Judaism
Oasis- A wet fertile area surrounded by desert
Romance languages- Languages that descend from Latin (French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian)
Attila (the Hun)- Leader of nomadic warriors who invaded the Roman empire in 400’s and helped bring about its fall
Corruption- The decay of peoples values. Often involves bribery, threats, and lies
Byzantine Empire- The Eastern half of the Roman Empire which continued long after the western half (Until 1400’s)
Diocletian- Roman Emperor who divided the empire into Eastern and Western halves believing it was too large to rule alone
Caravan- Group of traders traveling together
What were the wealthy/elite members of Roman society called?
What were the poor members of Roman society called?
What type of democracy was the Roman Republic?
Why did Romans want the law to be written down?
Why did Romans create a system of checks and balances?
What started/led to the Punic Wars?
How did the growth of territory help the Roman republic/Empire?
What role did military power play in the rise of Caesar?
What areas of the world did Romans take over?
Why was Christianity considered a problem to Roman rulers?
What kind of strict traditions/practices did the Jews observe?
What were two of Justinian major accomplishments?
In what ways was the Byzantine Empire different from the Roman Empire?
Assigned 4-11-16 (Due 4-12-16 1st Period) and (Due 4-13-16 6th and 8th Periods) Students need to answer 1-4 (All Parts) on P.361. Answers go on P. 70 of IN
Assigned 4-12-16 (Due 4-14-16 1st period) Students need to answer 1-3 (all parts) on P. 367. Answers go on P. 73 of IN
Test over the Roman Republic and Roman Empire 4-19 (1st) and 4-20 (6th and 8th).
Extra Credit Project (The Ancient Times Newspaper) By May 6th
Many events happened within the Roman Republic/Empire. Thanks to written records it is possible to find out about many events, and in many cases read the writing left behind by Romans. You are tasked with creating a Newspaper articles related to some event in a given year. You should research the events that happened in any one year between 100 BC and 350 AD within the Roman Republic/Empire. Write a newspaper article summarizing the events of a single year or go in depth about one event. Articles must be 3 paragraphs long (Introduction, Body, and Conclusion). For every 10 articles turned in I will replace 1 Quiz grade (Max 3 Quiz grades) Remember to include the who, what, where, when and why. Only one article per year. Submissions no later than Friday, May 6th.
Students need to finish making flashcards for the following vocabulary words. Quiz Monday 4-18. Quiz will cover these 10 words and 10 questions from the test on the Roman Empire Tuesday 4-19-16 (1st period) and 4-20-16 (6th and 8th Period)
Islam- A Monotheistic religion related to Judaism and Christianity based on the teachings of Muhammad.
Muslim- A follower of Muhammad/believer in Islam
Qur’an- The holy book of Islam (Bible for Muslims)
Pilgrimage- A journey to a sacred place/holy site
Sunnah- Set of teachings about how Muhammad lived which provides a model for of expected behavior for Muslims
Mosque- Islamic church/building where Muslims pray
Jihad- Literally struggle, can mean the inner struggle to obey God or the external struggle to convert nonbelievers to Islam
Caliph-Title used by Muslims for the highest leader within Islam
Shia- Branch of Islam that says Caliphs must be related to Muhammad.
Sunni- Branch of Islam that says Caliphs do not have to be related to Islam (It is the largest sect of Islam today)
Sample Test Test 4-19-16 1st Period (Test 4-20-16 6th and 8th Period)
Roman Republic/Roman Empire Test
1. Which Emperor Divided the Roman Empire into Eastern and Western halves, believing it was too large for 1 Emperor to rule?
A. Constantine B. Augustus C. Diocletian D. Hadrian
2. Which Emperor converted to Christianity as a means to unite the empire and gain support from an increasingly Christian population?
A. Constantine B. Augustus C. Diocletian D. Hadrian
3. Why were Jews, believers in a monotheistic religion, not targeted like Christians were for persecution?
A. The Jewish faith was monotheistic B. Jews did not seek to convert anyone, you had to be born Jewish and their religion was older than Rome. C. Jews were skilled soldiers. D. Jews worshipped the emperor as their only god.
4. Which Barbarian group attacked the Fringes of the Roman Empire?
A. The Huns B. The Saxons and Jutes C. The Goths D. The Visigoths
5. He was an early convert to Christianity, one of the most important church leaders, and was responsible for Christianity and Judaism separating into separate religions.
A. Jesus of Nazareth B. John the Baptist C. Paul (Saul) of Tarsus D. Judas
6. At which battle did the naval forces of Marc Antony and Cleopatra lose to Octavian (Augustus), resulting in their suicide because their cause was hopeless?
A. Thermopylae B. Marathon C. Gaul D. Actium
7. Which governmental organization comprised of patricians made laws for the Roman Republic
A. The House of Representatives B. The Senate C. The Tribune D. The Consul
8. How were the Plebeians of Rome represented in the government?
A. The Plebeians voted for a Tribune which represented them in the Consul
B. The Plebeians voted for Consul which represented them in the Senate
C. The Plebeians voted for a Tribune which represented them in the Senate
D. The Plebeians voted for a Consul which represented them in the Tribune
9. What was the Roman word for wealthy members of society?
A. Patricians B. Plebeians C. Centurions D. Legions
10. Which of the following best describes how Caesar responded to the Senate and Pompey after the war in Gaul?
a. He led his army across the Rubicon into Italy. c.He led his army into Greece.
b. He kept his army in Gaul. d. He asked for a meeting with the Senate.
“Caesar, having divided his forces . . . and having hastily [quickly] constructed some bridges, enters their country in three divisions, burns their houses and villages, and gets possession of a large number of cattle and men.”
11. What can you infer about Caesar from this passage?
a. He wrote in great detail to show the power of his army to his enemies.
b. He recorded this battle to plan for other battles.
c. He wrote his own history so that people would remember his greatness.
d. He recorded this battle to record the number of cattle and men.
12. Roman roads were built primarily in order to allow
a. senators to get to the Senate.
b. Rome’s armies to travel through the empire.
c. merchants to travel safely.
d. slaves to travel into the countryside.
13. The Roman language influenced how people speak and write today because
a. many people enjoy watching comic plays.
b. modern languages are easy to learn.
c. many people travel to Rome for vacation.
d. modern languages are based on the Roman language.
14. The Languages descendants from Latin are known as?
A. Romance Languages B. Germanic Languages C. Roman Languages D. None of the above
15. What is one similarity between Christmas and Easter?
a. Both were celebrated in ancient Rome.
b. Neither is celebrated on the same date every year.
c. Both are celebrated in the spring.
d. Neither is based on an exact date in history.
16. This part of the bible tells us about the life and teachings of Jesus?
A. Old Testament B. New Testament C. Gospels D. Apostles
17. These were the close friends and followers of Jesus that spread Christianity after his death.
A. Acolytes B. Gospels C. Apostles D. Patriarchs
18. This was the name given to the Eastern Roman Empire as it outlived the western half of the empire into the 1400’s
A. Eastern Empire B. Byzantine Empire C. Roman Empire D. Islamic Empire
19. In what ways did the geography of Italy affect the development of Rome?
A. Swampy areas made it hard to farm causing a focus on trade
B. Deserts protected Rome from attack
C. Mountains protected Rome from invasion
D. Rivers made it hard to trade with other city-states
20. What was the 1st written set of laws in Rome?
A. Law of the 12 Tables B. The Constitution C. Hammurabi’s Code D. They were never written down
21. The center of life and government in ancient Rome was the___ (Hint*-Like Greek Agora)
A. Temple to Zeus B. Palatine Hill C. Capitoline Hill D. Forum
22. In Geographic terms Italy is a____
A. Island B. Peninsula C. Continent D. Isthmus
23. In times of crisis or in emergencies Romans would elect someone to this position?
A. President B. Tribune C. Consul D. Dictator
24. He was the legendary founder of the Latin people after returning from the Trojan Wars?
A. Aeneas B. Romulus C. Remus D. Caesar
25. Caesar’s adopted son who became the 1st Emperor of Rome?
A. Marc Antony B. Octavian C. Pliny the younger D. Pompey
A. How did religious beliefs in Rome change over time?
B. In what ways did Romans borrow ideas from Greece? (Give examples)
C. How did the addition of territory benefit the Roman Empire?
D. How would adopting a monotheistic religion make the emperor stronger?
E. What technological advancements did the Romans achieve, and how did those advancements impact their society?
Assigned 4-19-16 (Due 4-21-16) and 4-20-16 (Due 4-22-16) Students can either bring in 1 pack (at least 100) of index cards or Answer 1-3 (all parts) on P. 371. Answers go on P.75 of IN. If students do both they will get additional Benjamin Bucks
No homework during testing. Projects due 5-02-16. All extra credit work due by 05-06-16
1st Crusades War Folder Project- Due Monday May 2nd
10%- Cover= Map of the battle theatre? (Basically a Map of Europe and Middle East) Needs to show Crusader states and the Muslim States
20%- People = Provide a brief description of the people involved in the 1st Crusades, at least 20, and correctly divide them by the side which they fought for. Left=Crusaders, Right=Muslim forces
Ex.) Pope Gregory, Pope Urban, Philip I of France, Duqaq,
20%- Battles= Provide a brief description of 12 battles that took place during the crusades (where, when, who won, impact on the overall war/lasting legacy, amount of soldiers killed if possible). Also, correctly separate battles by the victorious side, Left=Crusader Victory, Right=Muslim Victory
Ex) Siege/Battle of Antioch, Battle of Jerusalem, Battle of Ascalon,
10%- Choose 10 vocabulary words associated with the Crusades. (Possible areas are inventions, new technology, terms given for new battle tactics, new diseases)
20%- Questions answered in complete sentences. 1. Why did the Roman Catholic Church want to launch the Crusades? 2. Which countries in Europe took part in the Crusades and how many soldiers were sent from each country? 3. What role did Muslim powers play in the start of hostilities? 4. Which new governments/states/countries were set up in the Middle East by European kings/queens? 5. What technological advantages did the European powers have? What technological advantages did the Muslim powers have? 6. What incentives did the Catholic Church give to people who took part in the Crusades? 7. What types of knowledge were exchanged between the Muslim and Christian sides? 8. Explain when and how each of the countries/states/kingdoms set up in the middle fell to Muslim forces? 9. What was the impact on Europe from contact with Muslim powers during the crusades? 10. What role did the spread of disease play in the crusades and afterwards in Europe when soldiers returned?
10%- Pretend you are a Christian Crusader writing a letter home about your involvement in the Crusades. Tell your family about your motivations for leaving, the conditions you experienced traveling to the Middle East, and your experiences once you arrived in the Holy Land
10%- Pretend you are a Muslim defender writing a letter home about your involvement in the Crusades. Tell your family about your motivations for defending Islam against Christians, the conditions you have experienced in forts/battles, and any new ideas you have learned from the Christian invaders.
Extra Credit Project (The Ancient Times Newspaper) By May 6th
Many events happened within the Roman Republic/Empire. Thanks to written records it is possible to find out about many events, and in many cases read the writing left behind by Romans. You are tasked with creating a Newspaper articles related to some event in a given year. You should research the events that happened in any one year between 100 BC and 350 AD within the Roman Republic/Empire. Write a newspaper article summarizing the events of a single year or go in depth about one event. Articles must be 3 paragraphs long (Introduction, Body, and Conclusion). For every 10 articles turned in I will replace 1 Quiz grade (Max 3 Quiz grades) Remember to include the who, what, where, when and why. Only one article per year.
Students need to finish making flashcards for the following vocabulary words. Quiz 5/5/16 (1st period) and 5/6/16 (6th and 8th period). Quiz will cover these 10 words and a selection of questions from the textbook sections covered in homework.
Topography- Refers to the shape and elevation of land in a region
Medieval- Another name for the Middle Ages (500 AD-1500 AD)
Monks- Religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities
Monasteries- Community of monks
Charlemagne- Crowned Emperor by the pope for uniting the lands of France, Germany and Northern Italy
Vassal- A knight who promises to serve a lord in exchange for land
Feudalism- The system of promises that governed the relationship between lords and vassals
Serf- Workers required to serve on the land where they lived (Semi-slavery)
Manor- Large estate owned by a knight or lord
Chivalry- Code of honorable behavior which knights, lords, and nobles followed.
HW-Assigned 5/2/16 Due 5/3/16 (1st period) and 5/4/16 (6th and 8th period) Students need to answer 1-3 (all) on P.499 Answers go on P. 79 of IN.
HW- Asssigned 5/3/16 Due 5/5/16 (1st period) and 5/4/16 Due 5/6/16 (6th and 8th Period) P. 504 1-4 (all) Answers go on P. 80 of IN
HW Assigned 5-9-16 Due 5-10-16 (1st period) and 5-11-16 (6th and 8th Period) Students need to answer 1-5 (all parts) on P. 511. Answers go on P. 86.
Religious Order- Group of people who dedicate their lives to religion and follow common rules
Friars- Men who belonged to a religious order but lived among regular people
Parliament- Council of advisor to the king which developed into a law-making organization.
Magna Carta- 1st document to limit the power of a king by listing the rights of people/subjects
Natural Laws- Rules laws that govern how the natural world works (like law of gravity)
Excommunicate- cast/kick out of the church (cant go to heaven)
Holy Roman Empire- Collection of German kingdoms which was recognized by the pope as an empire
Holy Land- The area where Jesus lived, preached, and died (Palestine/Israel)
Saladin- Muslim leader who re-conquered the Holy land and pushed crusaders out of Jerusalem.
Clergy- Church officials/workers
Final Exam Study Guide
Please complete the study guide on looseleaf paper. This is worth a participation grade and is due on _________________________________
1. Greece Geography
3. How did the Greeks travel?
8. Lyric poem
18. Classical Age
20. Direct Democracy vs. Representative Democracy
1. Spartan Army
2. Spartan women vs. Athenian women
3. Athens society
4. Why did the Peloponnesian War begin?
5. Delian League
6. Peloponnesian League
7. Alexander the Great
9. Greek achievements
1. Italian Geography
2. Italian Mountain Ranges
3. Roman government
6. Law of the Twelve Tables
7. Roman Forum
8. Checks and Balances
9. Roman Trade
10. Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
3. New Testament
9. Civil Law
11. Pax Romana
3. Northern Europe’s land was _______
4. Southern Europe’s land was _______
5. Saint Patrick
1. Pope Gregory VIII
2. Emperor Henry IV
4. Results of the Crusades
7. Thomas Aquinas
8. Black Death
9. Spanish Inquisition
10. Pope Leo IX
11. Holy Land
13. Magna Carta